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Modélisation d'éléments de structure en béton armé dégradés par corrosion : la problématique de l'interface acier/béton en présence de corrosion

Abstract : A major source of a noticeable loss of performance (excessive cracking, loss of carrying load capacity) can be attributed to the corrosion phenomena induced either by carbonation or by chloride ions ingress. The corrosion products being expansive, tensile stresses are generated and usually lead to the cover concrete cracking when tensile strength is exceeded. From a practical point of view, when first observable signs of degradation are noticed on site, it is generally too late and maintenance actions have to be made. This results in important expenses that could have been avoided if a satisfying prediction had been made. This thesis aims to propose some answers to that problem. Two main objectives have been handled. The first one consists in formulating reliable constitutive models for a better understanding of the mechanical behaviour of existing concrete structures. The second objective aims to develop a probabilistic approach for updating t he mechanical model according to experimental information available on site. A general constitutive framework, thermodynamically admissible, has been proposed coupling elasticity, isotropic damage and internal sliding. This general framework has been declined in two specific constitutive models, on one hand for modelling the steel/concrete interface including corrosion and, on the other hand for modelling the concrete behaviour. Both models are validated on several structural cases. They can be used for monotonic and cyclic loadings. Besides, they account for non linear hysteretic effects, quasi unilateral effect, permanent strains, etc. Simplified versions of the proposed constitutive models are also proposed for engineering purposes within the framework of the multifiber beams theory. In the case of the steel/concrete interface, although a Timoshenko based kinematic is assumed, a non-perfect interface between steel and concrete can be considered locally. The material para meter identification is not always straightforward. Therefore, the use of robust updating methods can improve the accuracy of mechanical models. A complete probabilistic approach based on Bayesian Networks has been proposed. It allows not only considering the uncertainties related to mechanical parameters but also reducing the gap between experimental measurements and numerical predictions. This study provides to stakeholders pertinent decision tools for predicting the structural behaviour of degraded reinforced concrete structures
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Benjamin Richard. Modélisation d'éléments de structure en béton armé dégradés par corrosion : la problématique de l'interface acier/béton en présence de corrosion. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010PEST1087⟩. ⟨tel-00598333⟩

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