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Comportement rhéologique et mise en œuvre des matériaux cimentaires fibrés

Abstract : Fibers have always been added to cementitious materials in order to reinforce the brittle nature of the matrix. As for any other type of inclusions, fiber addition modifies the rheological behavior of the material in the fresh state. In a first part, we focus on the influence of fiber addition on the yield stress of cementitious materials. We only consider flows which are too short or with no steady streamlines for orientation to affect the behavior of the material. We show that, as for spherical inclusions, a critical fiber volume fraction leads to the formation of a percolation network between all the inclusions. Predictions of this critical volume fraction can be derived from experimental measurements, leading to a sudden increase of several orders of magnitude in yield stress. Industrial mix design criteria are finally proposed. This work is extended in a second part to anisotropic systems. We then focus on the prediction of fiber orientation during standard industrial castings. Tools are built and compared from experimental, analytical and numerical approaches in order to measure and predict fiber orientation as a function of fiber characteristics, suspension rheological behavior and casting process. It is shown that most industrial flows can be considered as simple flows during which fiber orientation process is, as a first approximation, described by the Jeffery theory. In plug flow zones, where stress is lower than the material yield stress, the initial isotropy is conserved. We show that, at the time scale of the casting process, fiber orientation can be considered as instantaneous. It is finally concluded that analytical and numerical methods used in this work enable to predict orientation induced by the flows experimentally validated
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Laëtitia Martinie. Comportement rhéologique et mise en œuvre des matériaux cimentaires fibrés. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010PEST1077⟩. ⟨tel-00598521⟩

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