Filtering of thin objects : applications to vascular image analysis

Abstract : The motivation of this work is filtering of elongated curvilinear objects in digital images. Their narrowness presents difficulties for their detection. In addition, they are prone to disconnections due to noise, image acquisition artefacts and occlusions by other objects. This work is focused on thin objects detection and linkage. For these purposes, a hybrid second-order derivative-based and morphological linear filtering method is proposed within the framework of scale-space theory. The theory of spatially-variant morphological filters is discussed and efficient algorithms are presented. From the application point of view, our work is motivated by the diagnosis, treatment planning and follow-up of vascular diseases. The first application is aimed at the assessment of arteriovenous malformations (AVM) of cerebral vasculature. The small size and the complexity of the vascular structures, coupled to noise, image acquisition artefacts, and blood signal heterogeneity make the analysis of such data a challenging task. This work is focused on cerebral angiographic image enhancement, segmentation and vascular network analysis with the final purpose to further assist the study of cerebral AVM. The second medical application concerns the processing of low dose X-ray images used in interventional radiology therapies observing insertion of guide-wires in the vascular system of patients. Such procedures are used in aneurysm treatment, tumour embolization and other clinical procedures. Due to low signal-to-noise ratio of such data, guide-wire detection is needed for their visualization and reconstruction. Here, we compare the performance of several line detection algorithms. The purpose of this work is to select a few of the most promising line detection methods for this medical application
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Olena Tankyevych. Filtering of thin objects : applications to vascular image analysis. Other [cs.OH]. Université Paris-Est, 2010. English. ⟨NNT : 2010PEST1041⟩. ⟨tel-00607248⟩

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