Positionnement robuste et précis de réseaux d’images

Pierre Moulon 1, 2
2 IMAGINE [Marne-la-Vallée]
LIGM - Laboratoire d'Informatique Gaspard-Monge, ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech
Abstract : To compute a 3D representation of a rigid scene from a collection of pictures is now possible thanks to the progress made by the multiple-view stereovision methods, even with a simple camera. The reconstruction process, arising from photogrammetry, consists in integrating information from multiple images taken from different viewpoints in order to identify the relative positions and orientations. Once the positions and orientations (external calibration) of the cameras are retrieved, the structure of the scene can be reconstructed. To solve the problem of calculating the Structure from Motion (SfM), sequential and global methods have been proposed. By nature, sequential methods tend to accumulate errors. This is observable in trajectories of cameras that are subject to drift error. When pictures are acquired around an object it leads to reconstructions where the loops do not close. In contrast, global methods consider the network of cameras as a whole. The configuration of cameras is searched and optimized in order to preserve at best the constraints of the cyclical network. Reconstructions of better quality can be obtained, but at the expense of computation time. This thesis aims at analyzing critical issues at the heart of these methods of external calibration and at providing solutions to improve their performance(accuracy , robustness and speed) and their ease of use (restricted parametrization).We first propose a fast and efficient feature tracking algorithm. We then show that the widespread use of a contrario robust estimation of parametric models frees the user from choosing detection thresholds, and allows obtaining a reconstruction pipeline that automatically adapts to the data. Then in a second step, we use the adaptive robust estimation and a series of convex optimizations to build a scalable global calibration chain. Our experiments show that the a contrario based estimations improve significantly the quality of the pictures positions and orientations, while being automatic and without parameters, even on complex camera networks. Finally, we propose to improve the visual appearance of the reconstruction by providing a convex optimization to ensure the color consistency between images
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Pierre Moulon. Positionnement robuste et précis de réseaux d’images. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST1033⟩. ⟨tel-00996935v2⟩

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