Caractérisation polyphasique de la zone de transition dans un réservoir pétrolier carbonaté.

Abstract : In this work, we take an interest in measuring and modeling the multiphase flow properties (relative permeabilities) in different carbonate rock types that are representative of the transition zone of carbonate reservoirs. Our experimental study focused on two different carbonate rock types, with almost the same mineralogy, but different petrophysical properties (bimodal and unimodal). The system of fluids used is composed of brine, a mineral oil (for experiments at water-wet conditions), and a crude oil (for experiments including wettability alteration after an ageing process at high temperature). During the experiments performed by the steady-state core flooding method, the pressure drop is continuously measured along the core, and the saturation profiles are obtained at the end of the flooding, by gamma ray measurements. The main results of this study are as follows:- Wettability depends on the initial oil saturation and hence the heights above the oil-water contact. It affects the oil relative permeabilities AND water relative permeabilities- The hysteresis observed on water relative permeability is even more pronounced that the initial oil saturation increases. A similar observation is made on the curvatures of the oil relative permeability.- The evolution of Sorw as function of Soi does not always follow a classical Land correlation. Their evolution also depends on the pore structure.- The two rock types exhibit different responses to wettability alteration. The vuggy structure might promote oil-wetness.Our experimental data were interpreted using different hysteretic models of the literature. We observed significant differences between the results predicted by the models and our experimental observations which are attributed mainly to the failures to take into account the change in wettability. We proposed an improved hysteresis model, which described our experimental data satisfactorily.
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Franck Laurel Nono Nguendjio. Caractérisation polyphasique de la zone de transition dans un réservoir pétrolier carbonaté.. Mécanique [physics.med-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENAM0012⟩. ⟨tel-01078317⟩

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