Non-wetting drops: from impacts to self-propulsion

Abstract : We investigate through several experiments the special dynamics generated by non-wetting objects. On a substrate textured with grooves forming a herringbone pattern, a Leidenfrost levitating liquid is propelled: the textures channel the vapor flow in a well-defined direction so that the slider above is driven by vapor viscosity. These deformable objects undergo very little friction on flat surfaces. However, on crenelated substrates, impacts on the texture sides greatly enhance dissipation. We extend this entrainment scenario to other situations where the liquid (and its deformable nature) is not involved anymore. A solid plate can levitate over a porous substrate through which air is blown. Again, escaping flow can be rectified by the textures and entrain the plate, leading to translation movement or even to rotation. If we create deeper channels (hence losing flow confinement), we observe motion in the opposite direction due to “rocket effect” (conservation of momentum). We are also interested in an extreme non-wetting situation: the falling drop. Indeed, all along the fall, the drop only experiences air drag friction, easily reaching high speeds. We tackle the problem of the dramatic issue of this fall: the impact. We first study the impact of a drop on a sieve. In this situation intermediate between a solid wall and no obstacle at all, mass either passes through the holes or gets stopped by the closings. We then focus on the impact force experienced by the substrates and characterize the force as a function of the drop and impact properties, but also of the nature of the solid on which impact takes place.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 28, 2014 - 7:24:56 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01078394, version 1

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Dan Soto. Non-wetting drops: from impacts to self-propulsion. Physics [physics]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 2014. English. ⟨tel-01078394⟩

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