Investing in energy use and production to mitigate and to adapt to climate change

Abstract : Energy investments are a requirement to mitigate climate change, but also a challenge for adaptation. The first part of this PhD dissertation focuses on improving the energy efficiency of domestic appliances. Chapter 1 analyses if consumers take into account energy costs when they purchase refrigerators with UK market data. Chapter 2 presents the EU Energy Label, its expected effects on energy efficiency and the key factors of success of such a large scale information-based policy. The second part of this PhD dissertation broadens the scope of analysis to the impacts of climate change on energy investment behaviour. Chapter 3 reviews the climate sensitiveness of the electricity sector and provides elements of discussion on how investments decisions could better take into account climate change in the future. Chapter 4 provides a longitudinal analysis of the evolution of US housing (1985-2011) and its sensitivity to climate, with the objective of forecasting the long-run impact of climate change on both residential gas and electricity consumptions.
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François Cohen. Investing in energy use and production to mitigate and to adapt to climate change. Economies and finances. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014ENMP0022⟩. ⟨tel-01079844⟩

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