Comportement rhéologique des fluides à seuil aérés

Abstract : The rheological behaviour of suspensions of bubbles in yield stress fluids is investigated through experiments on model systems. Model foamed yield stress fluids are prepared by adding monodisperse bubbles in model yield stress fluids, which behave as soft visco-elastic solids for small deformation and flow with a Herschel-Bulkley law above their yield stress. The complex modulus, yield stress and flow curve of those model foamed yield stress fluids is characterised by rheometrical measurements. For gas volume fractions lower than the percolation threshold of the bubbles in the suspending yield stress fluid, the macroscopic behaviour of the bubble suspensions results from the coupling of the fluid rheology to capillarity acting on the surface of the bubbles. The rheological properties of the suspensions decrease all the more with the gas volume fraction as capillarity is weak. This coupling is quantified through capillary numbers which also allow us to compare our experimental results to micro-mechanical estimates. For higher gas volume fractions, beyond the percolation threshold of the bubbles, the aerated material turns into an actual foam of yield stress fluid in which the interstitial fluid is confined in the Plateau borders. This confinement leads to the onset of finite-size effects as the foam is sheared, and the macroscopic behaviour of the foam depends on the micro-structure of the interstitial yield stress fluid
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Lucie Ducloué. Comportement rhéologique des fluides à seuil aérés. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST1056⟩. ⟨tel-01104973⟩

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