Étude d'une dynamique à mémoire de chemin: une expérimentation théorique

Abstract : Waves and particles are distinct objects at a macroscopic scale. The existence of walkers, drops bouncing on a vertically vibrated fluid bath is a surprising case of dual objects at our scale. The drop is self-propelled, piloted by the standing surface waves generated by its previous rebounds. These objects exhibit a rich dynamics relying on the concept of path memory. Indeed, the wave field results from the position of the past impacts left all along the walker trajectory. The memory is tunable at will by simply changing the vertical acceleration of the bath. A series of experiments have revealed the surprising dynamical behaviors of this dual drop-wave entity. In this PhD, we give a theoretical understanding of the temporal non local structure of walkers. We explore the dynamics of numerical walkers in a two-dimensional harmonic potential. We observe that the system only reaches a relatively limited set of stable attractors, quantized in both extension and mean angular momentum, in excellent agreement with the experimental results. We investigate how the different time scales are intertwined, which decouples the short-time acting propulsion from the build-up of coherent wave structures at much longer time scales. We analyze the non-local mechanism revealing the internal symmetries of the walker which drives the convergence of the dynamics to a set of low-dimensional eigenstates.
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Matthieu Labousse. Étude d'une dynamique à mémoire de chemin: une expérimentation théorique. Physique Générale [physics.gen-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie UPMC Paris VI, 2014. Français. 〈tel-01114815〉

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