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Modélisation chimio-poromécanique du comportement des géomatériaux dans le contexte du stockage géologique du dioxyde de carbone : application au puits d'injection

Abstract : In order to reduce in medium-term the anthropogenic original greenhouse gas, the processes of capture-transport-storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) is considered as a promising technology. Several pilot sites already exist in the world. However, before developing the technology on an industrial scale, experimental and numerical researches have to be performed in order to ensure the success and the sustainability of a storage project. In a storage site, the natural discontinuities of the rocks and of the injection wells are normally the preferential leak paths of CO2. In this context, the present PhD research focuses particularly on the cement injection wells. The problems of the integrity of the well and thus ensuring its sealing are the critical points of the caprock.After the injection and the ascent of the CO2 plume to the caprock, the cement paste of well at the triple zone (well/ reservoir/caprock) is contacted with a fluid saturated with dissolved CO2. Because of its acidity, such a fluid is reacted with geomaterials and causes diverse reactions of dissolution of the minerals in the cementitious matrix and precipitation reactions that may affect the material. This strong coupling existing between the chemical reactions and poro-mechanical behavior of the cement well can indeed induce damage to the cementitious matrix related to the modifications of the porosity and the transport characteristics, to the degradation of mechanical modulus, or to the development of localized pore pressure.A constitutive model fully coupled has been developed to simulate the chemo-poro-mechanical behaviour of the hard cement paste of the well with the presence of a CO2-rich fluid. This model has been implemented in two numerical codes: on the one hand, a finite volume code, and on the other hand, a finite element code, BIL, developed at the Navier Laboratory. The first implementation was found to be well adapted to the problems of reactive transport with sharp front, and is used in this thesis to modeling an one-dimensional geometry by combining the cement well and the caprock. The second implementation method is best suited to modeling the poro-mechanical behavior of cement, but, as we shall see, requires numerical adaptations in order to be suitable for modeling chemical phenomenon involving discontinuities. The mechanical damage related to chemical phenomena is evaluated firstly via a simplified micro-mechanical approach, and secondly a theory of isotropic damage. Finally, the results are compared to experimental tests from the scientific literature in the context of the CO2 geosequestration
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Submitted on : Friday, March 6, 2015 - 6:57:03 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01124312, version 1


Valérie Vallin. Modélisation chimio-poromécanique du comportement des géomatériaux dans le contexte du stockage géologique du dioxyde de carbone : application au puits d'injection. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST1050⟩. ⟨tel-01124312⟩



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