Analyse et modélisation cinétique de la perte physique et de la consommation chimique d'un mélange phénol/HALS au cours du vieillissement radio-thermique d'une matrice EPDM

Abstract : The lifetime prediction of synthetic insulations of electrical cables installed in nuclear power plants is one of the main concerns of EDF R&D. To answer this question, a radiothermal ageing kinetic model has been developed for an EPDM matrix stabilized by a phenol/HALS blend in this study. This model is derived from an oxidation mechanistic scheme, established in a previous study for the neat PE matrix, but completed by the main stabilization reactions of both antioxidants. Its validity has been checked successfully for an EPDM matrix unstabilized and stabilized by 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5% w/w of each antioxidant, but also by (0-0.3), (0.1-0.2), (0.15-0.15), (0.2-0.1), (0.3-0)% w/w of both antioxidants. The kinetic model predicts satisfyingly the large majority of kinetic curves of chemical consumption of phenolic and amine functions, but also the kinetic curves of carbonyl group build-up in air between 140 and 160°C in the absence of γ irradiation, but also under 0.1 kGy/h-45°C, 1 kGy/h-51.5 °C et 10 kGy/h-63.5 °C. Various possible ways of improvement are proposed.
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Wissam Bannouf. Analyse et modélisation cinétique de la perte physique et de la consommation chimique d'un mélange phénol/HALS au cours du vieillissement radio-thermique d'une matrice EPDM. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENAM0048⟩. ⟨tel-01126685⟩

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