Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation micro-mécanique de la perméabilité et la résistance de roches argileuses

Abstract : This thesis is focused on the strength, plasticity and transport properties of mudrocks. Two industrial applications are the shale gas production and the underground gas or waste storage. In a first part, the permeability is described as resulting from the homogenisation of the flow of a Newtonian fluid within the pore space. A Hashin-Shtrikman like framework is derived for the permeability upscaling and used to propose a FFT-based numerical method for the efficient computation of bounds on the permeability, directly compatible with a voxelised representation of the pore space. As an alternative, analytic homogenisation techniques based on the definition of equivalent permeable cells are developed to provide building blocks for the micro-mechanical modelling of permeability. The gas slip at pore walls is accounted for to model Klinkenberg effects for gas permeability. Partial water saturation is also considered to model relative gas permeability and gas breakthrough pressure. In the mean time, a thorough experimental investigation of the evolution of porosity and permeability with confining pressure and partial water saturation has been carried out on several types of mudrocks. In a second part, the ductile strength properties is studied. An efficient FFT-based numerical method is proposed to compute the homogenised strength domain of heterogeneous media with complex micro-structures. Next, a three-scale analytic model of the strength of a granular media reinforced by rigid inclusions with imperfect interfaces is presented. In a third part, this strength model is re-interpreted in plasticity to propose a purely micro-mechanical model, whose macroscopic interpretation is similar to the Cam-clay model, including hardening or softening due to an evolving porosity and a critical state line
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François Bignonnet. Caractérisation expérimentale et modélisation micro-mécanique de la perméabilité et la résistance de roches argileuses. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST1060⟩. ⟨tel-01127305⟩

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