Développement et modélisation de stratégies de fraisage 5 axes de finition -Application à l’usinage de veines fermées

Abstract : The surface quality of closed fluid veins rotating parts of turbo machines participates in the machine output. It is therefore essential to control the finishing of veins in 5-axis machining with a ball end mill. The titanium alloy Ti6Al4V is one of the materials used and suffers from a poor machinability. The choice of cutting parameters affects the surface quality and the life of the cutter. In order to control the 5-axis milling, characterization methods of cutting are developed for linear and circular paths. Effective diameters and the uncut chip thickness is responsible for several phenomena associated with the cut such as the cutting speed, the speed of evolution of the tool wear, the milling modes and cutting forces. Tests are the link between measures of cutting forces and surface quality and characterization methods of cutting. Once the 5-axis machining with ball end mill characterized, two strategies of finishing closed veins in multiaxis are developed keeping constant the feed speed of the contact and the relative orientation of the tool axis with the normal the local surface. The plunge milling strategy is characterized by a curvature continuous trajectory. The helical milling strategy reveals tangent discontinuities of the trajectory. A method of local smoothing trajectory is then developed to provide a reasonable kinematics and dynamics behavior of machine.
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David Prat. Développement et modélisation de stratégies de fraisage 5 axes de finition -Application à l’usinage de veines fermées. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENAM0043⟩. ⟨tel-01127403⟩

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