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A New Incompressible SPH Model: Towards Industrial Applications

Abstract : In this work a numerical model for fluid flow simulation was developed, based on the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method. SPH is a meshless Lagrangian Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method that offers some advantages compared to mesh-based Eulerian methods. In particular, it is able to model flows presenting highly distorted free-surfaces or interfaces. This work tackles four issues concerning the SPH method: the imposition of boundary conditions, the accuracy of the pressure prediction, the modelling of buoyancy effects and the reduction of computational time. The aim is to model complex industrial flows with the SPH method, as a complement of what can be done with mesh-based methods. Typically, the targetted problems are 3-D free-surface or confined flows that may interact with moving solids and/or transport scalars, in particular active scalars (e.g. temperature). To achieve this goal, a new incompressible SPH (ISPH) model is proposed, based on semi-analytical boundary conditions. This technique for the representation of boundary conditions in SPH makes it possible to accurately prescribe consistent pressure boundary conditions, contrary to what is done with classical boundary conditions in SPH. A k-epsilon turbulence closure is included in the new ISPH model. A buoyancy model was also added, based on the Boussinesq approximation. The interactions between buoyancy and turbulence are modelled. Finally, a formulation for open boundary conditions is proposed in this framework. The 2-D validation was performed on a set of test-cases that made it possible to assess the prediction capabilities of the new model regarding isothermal and non-isothermal flows, in laminar or turbulent regime. Confined cases are presented, as well as free-surface flows (one of them including a moving rigid body in the flow). The open boundary formulation was tested on a laminar plane Poiseuille flow and on two cases of propagation of a solitary wave. Comparisons with mesh-based methods are provided with, as well as comparisons with a weakly-compressible SPH (WCSPH) model using the same kind of boundary conditions. The results show that the model is able to represent flows in complex boundary geometries, while improving the pressure prediction compared to the WCSPH method. The extension of the model to 3-D was done in a massively parallel code running on a Graphic Processing Unit (GPU). Two validation cases in 3-D are presented, as well as preliminary results on a simple 3-D application case.
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Contributor : Agnès Leroy Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 10, 2015 - 10:02:25 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 3:16:03 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01128612, version 1



Agnès Leroy. A New Incompressible SPH Model: Towards Industrial Applications. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Est, 2014. English. ⟨tel-01128612⟩



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