Développer la mobilité électrique : des projets d’acteurs au projet de territoire

Abstract : Over the past few years, socioeconomic and political developments, environmental and energy concerns, and ongoing technological progress nourish the prospect of substituting conventional gasoline cars with upcoming electric alternatives. A real success of the electric vehicle (EV) has become increasingly conceivable but is still subject to a certain number of conditions. Electromobility differs from the currently prevailing form of automobility mainly due to a larger range of the involved stakeholders, and a stronger dependence on the territory where the system is to evolve. These differences motivate the present doctoral research studying the emergence of electromobility in France from two major points of view: the stakeholders' organization and the territory's adaptation. Adopting a historical and empirical approach, the first part of this thesis discusses the results of over 30 interviews conducted with representatives of potential electromobility stakeholders that are likely to have a major influence on the developing electromobility system in France. It deals with the large variety of potential actors and their possible relationships by following a systematic and sociological approach. The applied methodology allows to detail and characterize the actors and to evaluate their likely strategies as well as their inclinations towards electromobility conveyed by various motives of interests and factors of resistance. Analyzing the probable forms of interdependence between the actors in the electromobility system also helps to highlight the lack of some essential links in the current system of actors. The second part of this thesis explores electromobility in a systematic framework in order to shed light on the interdependence between mobility and its territory. Indeed, each territory is endowed with a transportation system of its own on the basis of its diverse intrinsic characteristics. Local authorities have a crucial role to play in the process of deploying the system and of facilitating its functioning. This part of research therefore examines the potential for electromobility development at the local level: the semi-urbanized area of Paris-Saclay located within the Greater Paris area about 20 km southwest from its center serves as study area. The local transportation system's configuration and its dynamics including all relevant projects that will partially or integrally influence the area are discussed. The prospective analysis takes into account a wide range of considerations and potential determinants so as to render the assessment as realistic as possible. The study's findings shed light on the initial phase of the electromobility system's emergence while highlighting the flaws and complexities that hinder its future development. By these means, this research provides decision aid for policymakers and others stakeholders that are potentially involved in the electromobility system's deployment in France
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Shadi Sadeghian. Développer la mobilité électrique : des projets d’acteurs au projet de territoire. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST1190⟩. ⟨tel-01130114⟩

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