Analyse par le calcul à la rupture de la stabilité au feu des panneaux en béton armé de grandes dimensions

Abstract : In this contribution, an original and comprehensive method aimed at designing vertical concrete walls submitted to fire loadings, is proposed and developed, with a special emphasis on high rise panels used in industrial buildings. Indeed, when subjected to high thermal gradients, such slender structures exhibit quite significant out-of-plane movements, resulting in an eccentricity of the gravity loads and thus to bending moments in addition to the pre-existing compressive forces. It is such a change of geometry, which is all the more pronounced as the panel is tall, combined with a temperature-induced degradation of the constituent materials strength properties, which may explain why an overall collapse of the structure may occur, well prior to buckling instability. The proposed approach is fundamentally based on the theory of yield design. This theory is first applied to the determination of an interaction diagram, characterizing the fire resistance of a reinforced concrete panel cross-section. It is then implemented as a design method for analysing the stability of the panel in its previously calculated deformed configuration. The whole procedure is explained in full details in the simplified situation when the high rise panel can be modeled as a one-dimensional beam, leading to the exact determination of a dimensionless factor characterizing the stability of the panel. The method is then extended to deal with a more realistic, but somewhat more complex, configuration of a rectangular panel. Some preliminary results, which need to be further validated in a subsequent work, are finally produced. As a necessary complement to the mostly theoretical and computational approach presented in this work, a series of four-point bending tests has been performed on reduced scale slabs placed in a furnace. The results of these tests partially validate the predicted interaction diagram of a fire loaded panel section
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Duc Toan Pham. Analyse par le calcul à la rupture de la stabilité au feu des panneaux en béton armé de grandes dimensions. Génie civil. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST1073⟩. ⟨tel-01131232⟩

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