Durabilité du polychloroprène pour application marine

Abstract : The prediction of the lifetime of polymers in a marine environment is becoming increasingly important in order to limit maintenance costs for structures at sea. Polychloroprene is an elastomer which is widely used in marine structures due to its properties which are similar to natural rubber but with improved durability. The aim of the work described in this thesis is to characterize, understand and predict the evolution of mechanical properties (modulus and rupture) during aging, and in particular during oxidation, one of the main degradation mechanisms in this type of material. The prediction is based on the use of a mechanistic description of oxidation coupled with the use of theoretical structure/property relationships. First a kinetic model of oxidation has been set up for raw polychloroprene, and the associated rate constants have been found by an inverse method. The effect of vulcanization was then included in the model, enabling modulus to be predicted during oxidation. As a result of the presence of double bonds oxidation causes a significant increase in modulus of CR. Then, in order to predict fracture properties, the influence of oxidation on the mode I crack propagation energy (GIc) has been studied in detail, with a comparison between different types of elastomer. This study has revealed a strong drop in GIc due to inhibition of induced crystallization during oxidation. In the last part of the document the diffusion of water in polychloroprene has been examined, and the mechanisms of cluster formation have been described: These lead to large water absorption and a loss of mechanical properties.
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Pierre Yves Le Gac. Durabilité du polychloroprène pour application marine. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENAM0036⟩. ⟨tel-01132912⟩

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