Méthodologie de modélisation des systèmes mécatroniques complexes à partir du multi-bond graph : application à la liaison BTP-fuselage d’un hélicoptère

Abstract : Due to the operation of the rotor, the helicopter is subject to important vibrations affecting namely the fatigue of mechanical parts and the passengers comfort. The MGB-Fuselage joint equipped with the DAVI system is an anti-vibration system that helps to reduce, in a single frequency way, vibrations transmitted to the fuselage. Semi-active intelligent solutions are studied so that the filtering can be adjusted according to the vibration sources. Such studies suffer from a lack of tools and necessary methods, firstly, for the design of complex mechanical systems and secondly, for the development of an intelligent joint. This work proposes a modeling approach using a structural modeling tool : the multi-bond graph (MBG) which offers a global and modular view for the study of complex mechatronic systems such as helicopter. At first, an analysis of modeling tools leading to the selection of MBG is presented. Secondly, developments have focused on the MBG modeling of the 3D MGB-fuselage joint of an experimental setup which was designed and built in the laboratory. This joint is a mechanical system with kinematic loops. The equations of the dynamics of such system are a differential-algebraic system (DAE) requiring specific solving methods. The MBG model of the MGB-fuselage was simulated using the 20-sim software. The results were verified using the multibody software LMS Virtual Lab. A comparison of results obtained by the two methods led to a very good correlation to various cases of excitations of the MGB (pumping, roll, pitch). Thirdly, the MBG model was used for the establishment of semi-active control system. The model of the DAVI device also developed in 20-sim allows to adjust the position of the moving masses in operation so as to minimize the level of vibration of the fuselage. The control algorithm (gradient algorithm) enables to calculate the setpoint positions of the moving masses on the DAVI beaters. The position of the moving masses driven by an electric DC motor and a screw-nut system is then controlled to the setpoints generated by the control algorithm. Finally, the command could be implemented on a non-linear bond graph model which did not require a linearization to get a transfer function.
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Benjamin Boudon. Méthodologie de modélisation des systèmes mécatroniques complexes à partir du multi-bond graph : application à la liaison BTP-fuselage d’un hélicoptère. Mécanique [physics.med-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENAM0064⟩. ⟨tel-01134201⟩

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