Experimental closed-loop control of SCR aftertreatment systems using NOx sensors cross-sensitive to NH3

Abstract : The problem studied in this thesis is the closed-loop control of a urea-SCR (urea Selective Catalytic Reduction) as used in aftertreatment systems of diesel vehicles. A first contribution of the thesis is a detailed model for the SCR, highlighting the distributed (1D) nature of the considered system, and several successive reductions of this simulation model leading to a simpler one, better-suited for control design purposes. A second contribution consists in considering the sensitivity to NH3 of the NOx sensor used in a feedback loop, in the development of the control algorithms (state observer, feedback, gain scheduling, measurement interpretation). The ambiguity of the output measurement could be detrimental to the closed loop response, as it generates multiple equilibrium points (artefacts), besides the point of practical interest. A study of the closed-loop dynamics is performed in the vicinity of each point, which shows that the closed loop system naturally converges to the point of interest not to the artefacts. Both contributions have been tested and validated experimentally. In summary, the method proposed in this thesis might allow an engine equipped with Euro 5 hardware to satisfy Euro 6 standard using a preconditioning procedure of the catalyst.
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Anthony Bonfils. Experimental closed-loop control of SCR aftertreatment systems using NOx sensors cross-sensitive to NH3. Automatic Control Engineering. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013ENMP0097⟩. ⟨tel-01139394⟩

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