Analyses expérimentale et numérique de l'endommagement matriciel d'un matériau composite : Cas d'un pultrudé thermoplastique renforcé de fibres de verre

Abstract : The use of composite materials composed of polymeric matrix have known a growing interest in industrial structures due to the ratio between structure weight reduction and reliable mechanical properties. The pultrusion with in-situ polymerization process allows high fiber volume fraction which provides the longitudinal mechanical properties needed nevertheless, such process induces a microstructural variability. These engineering structures are often submitted to complex multiaxial stresses. Such stresses are locally amplified due to the microstructural variability and particularly due to the fact that the matrix is constrained by the fibres. It is in this context that a multi-scale top-down (global / local) experimental and numerical approach has been developped. Deformation, damage and fracture mechanisms have been experimentally studied at both global and local scales. In order to do so, experimental technics related to X ray tomography have been used and allow in-situ observation of damage in the composite material submitted to different stresses. A constitutive model of the polymeric matrix has been developped thanks to approaches from the mechanics of porous media and allows to take into account the damage behavior of the constrained matrix. A multi-scale model allowing critical zones localization on industrial structures has been set up. The resulting stresses on the critical zones are then applied to the microstructure of the composite material. This model is able to take into account the damage cinetic, as well as transverse cracks initiation and propagation through the microstructure. Such approach has been used to determine cracks initiation pressures for different plies orientation of a composite pipe.
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Henri-Alexandre Cayzac. Analyses expérimentale et numérique de l'endommagement matriciel d'un matériau composite : Cas d'un pultrudé thermoplastique renforcé de fibres de verre. Matériaux et structures en mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENMP0034⟩. ⟨tel-01139401⟩

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