Bases moléculaires et physiopathologiques de l'ostéochondrose équine

Abstract : Osteochondrosis (OC) is a juvenile osteo-articular disease characterized by a focal failure of cartilage maturation leading to weak areas. OC has been described in several species including Human, Dog, Swine, Poultry and Horse. In horse, lesions develop gradually without symptoms before one year old and clinical manifestations occur tardily during training. OC affects 10 to 30% of equine population and constitutes a major concern in terms of animal welfare and economy. Its multifactorial etiology remains poorly understood and involved several factors including genetics, environment and traumas. The aim of this current work was to improve the comprehension of equine OC physiopathology and highlight biological pathways disrupted. Taken together, our results made it possible to refine the definition of OC entities and our data could be relevant to improve diagnosis and develop new therapies. A constitutive defect was found in cartilage and bone of OC-affected horses and particularly a defective energy metabolism and a endoplasmic reticulum stress. Moreover, in function of lesion type, different underlying molecular mechanisms are involved in their development. Secondly, mircoRNAs (miRNAs) seem to take part in the OC physiopathology and some miRNAs could constitute a relevant therapeutic target or be used as diagnosis biomarkers.
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Clémence Desjardin. Bases moléculaires et physiopathologiques de l'ostéochondrose équine. Biologie animale. AgroParisTech, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013AGPT0060⟩. ⟨tel-01141646⟩

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