Concevoir et habiter un quartier dit durable : injonctions écologiques et dynamiques collectives à Beauregard (Rennes) et Les Brichères (Auxerre)

Abstract : Designing and living in a sustainable neighbourhood. Ecological orders and collective dynamics in Beauregard (Rennes) and Les Brichères (Auxerre) Urban planning is a key issue to implement sustainable development. Political discourses make sustainable city the goal of the transition of today's urban spaces looking for a better coverage of ecological, social, economic and governance issues.In this context, the number of so-called sustainable districts projects has been growing in France for the last few years, being both “showcases” and “laboratories” of experimentation of this urban sustainable development. Designers of these so-called sustainable districts are aiming to create a “new art of living together” by relying on more ecological ways of inhabiting and by enhancing a neighborhood collective living. In this thesis, we question the design principles of these projects, and specifically the idea of the ways of inhabiting that we confront to the real practices of the inhabitants. Our research crosses three levels of analysis. Calls for projects, putting forward “best practices” and objectives of exemplarity”, contribute to a standardization of conception around a few principles and devices, especially technical ones. In these calls for projects as in local projects, so-called sustainable neighborhoods have the ambition to change the ways of inhabiting. They are considered trough a typical inhabitant ways, embracing the ecological project, made responsible in his individual practices and invested in the neighborhood collective life. In two neighbourhoods we analyzed, Beauregard in Rennes and Les Brichères in Auxerre, devices of behavior incitation are set. Their understanding and appropriation by the inhabitants depend on social and residential trajectory. Indeed, it's whether they have chosen to move in these neighborhoods that the inhabitants embrace the ecological project conveyed by the urban project. Sustainable neighborhoods; sustainable development; living together; ecological orders; best practices; urban project; mode of appropriation
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Francois Valegeas. Concevoir et habiter un quartier dit durable : injonctions écologiques et dynamiques collectives à Beauregard (Rennes) et Les Brichères (Auxerre). Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014PEST1063⟩. ⟨tel-01142091⟩

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