Multicast communications for cooperative vehicular systems

Abstract : Vehicular communications allow emerging new multicast applications such as fleet management and point of interest (POI). Both applications require Internet-to-vehicle multicasting. These approaches could not be applied to vehicular networks (VANET) due to their dynamic and distributed nature. In order to enable such multicasting, our work deals with two aspects. First, reachability of the moving vehicles to the multicast service and second, multicast message dissemination in VANET. We introduce first a self-configuring multicast addressing scheme that allows the vehicles to auto-configure a dynamic multicast address without a need to exchange signalling messages with the Internet. Second, we propose a simplified approach that extends Mobile IP and Proxy Mobile IP. This approach aims at optimizing message exchange between vehicles and entities responsible for managing their mobility in Internet. To study the dissemination mechanisms that are suitable for fleet management applications, we propose to revisit traditional multicast routing techniques that rely on a tree structure. For this purpose, we study their application to vehicular networks. In particular, as vehicular networks are known to have changing topology, we present a theoretical study of the link lifetime between vehicles in urban environments. Then, using simulations, we study the application of Multicast Adhoc On Demand Vector, MAODV. We propose then Motion-MAODV, an improved version of MAODV that aims at enhancing routes built by MAODV in vehicular networks and guarantee longer route lifetime. Finally, to enable geographic dissemination as required by POI applications, we propose a routing protocol Melody that provides a geocast dissemination in urban environments. Through simulations, Melody ensures more reliable and efficient packet delivery to a given geographic area compared to traditional geo-brodcasting schemes in highly dense scenarios.
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Inès Ben Jemaa. Multicast communications for cooperative vehicular systems. Robotics [cs.RO]. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014ENMP0065⟩. ⟨tel-01144454⟩

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