Contribution au développement d'une organisation vigilante : Cas de la détection d'organismes nuisibles aux végétaux agricoles en France métropolitaine

Abstract : This research has been ordered by the Ministry of Agriculture. It was carried out at the Centre for risk and crisis research at Mines ParisTech. It aims to contribute to the improvement of the system of early detection of plant pests (insects, viruses, bacteria, fungi, etc.). After a historical, regulatory and organisational analysis of biological monitoring, our work is oriented around the concept of vigilance. Indeed, vigilance is what allows detection: closed vigilance when only some items are sought; open vigilance when abnormalities and doubts can be handled. We focus first on the characteristics and process of individual vigilance, with a case study on certified potato plants and another on the reduction of vulnerability of greenhouse tomatoes to TYLCV (Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus). Then, we demonstrate that vigilance is not only an individual physio-psychological state but also a process (anticipation, detection, diagnosis, alert) that can be born by an organisation. We call this organisation vigilant. Finally, we postulate that indicators can make this process manageable. We propose an example of a management scorecard applied to biological monitoring, not only for auto-evaluation (representing the present situation) and for management (following actions over time and forecasting behaviour) but also for learning, if stakeholders adapt it and use it to support communication.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01154948, version 1

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Aïnhoa Paré-Chamontin. Contribution au développement d'une organisation vigilante : Cas de la détection d'organismes nuisibles aux végétaux agricoles en France métropolitaine. Gestion et management. AgroParisTech, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010AGPT0020⟩. ⟨tel-01154948⟩

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