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Compréhension et modélisation du comportement du clinker de ciment lors du broyage par compression

Abstract : Noindent Clinker is the material obtained by calcination of a mix of clay and limestone, and it is the main component of Portland cement, a crucial ingredient for the majority of concrete used around the world. This clinker must be finely ground to have a sufficient reactivity. Mastering the grinding process is a key issue in the cement industry: it is the first source of expense in terms of electric consumption in a factory, partially because of the overall inefficiency of the process. Compressive grinding techniques, first appeared during the 80's, allow major improvements in terms of energy efficiency, but the general implementation is yet to come, hindered by process control issues, especially for high fineness. The goal of this study is a better understanding of phenomenons occurring during compressive grinding of clinker, in order to provide better process control for industrial installations when dealing with fine products. We particularly choose to study the behaviour, on a fundamental point of view, of a granular material subjected to grain fragmentation, using the numerical simulation of an Elementary Representative Volume of material through Discrete Element Method (DEM). We also looked for a behaviour law able to provide a link between stress, strain, and grain size evolution for the ground material, using at the same time micromechanics and homogenization technique, and a semi-empirical mass balance model. Finally, we made first efforts in the direction of modelling the whole process through numerical simulation by Finite Element Method (FEM), in order to tackle the issue met by the industrials in operations
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Vivien Esnault. Compréhension et modélisation du comportement du clinker de ciment lors du broyage par compression. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST1027⟩. ⟨tel-01165769⟩



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