. A. Bibliographie-[-adrw14-]-p, D. Abdoul, C. M. Dickinson, H. R. Roach, and . Wilson, Using the local gyrokinetic code, gs2, to investigate global itg modes in tokamaks. (i) s-alpha model with profile and flow shear effects, ArXiv e-prints (2014). 93 [Ayd12] A.Y. Aydemir, Pfirsch-schlüter current-driven edge electric fields and their effect on the l-h transition power threshold, Nuclear Fusion, issue.6, pp.52-063026, 2012.

. J. Bbb-+-06-]-c, H. L. Boswell, D. N. Berk, T. Borba, S. D. Johnson et al., Observation and explanation of the jet chirping mode Microwave reflectometry with the extraordinary mode on tokamaks : Determination of the electron density profile of petula-b, Physics Letters A Review of Scientific Instruments Physics of Fluids B : Plasma Physics, vol.358, issue.2 1, pp.154-158, 1987.

Ö. [. Berionni and . Gürcan, Predator prey oscillations in a simple cascade model of drift wave turbulence, Physics of Plasmas, vol.18, issue.11, p.20, 2011.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3656953

C. Bourdelle, X. Garbet, G. T. Hoang, J. Ongena, R. V. Budnybllr00-]-v et al., Stability analysis of improved confinement discharges : internal transport barriers in tore supra and radiative improved mode in textor Study of plasma fluctuations in the tuman-3m tokamak using microwave reflectometry with an obliquely incident probing beam, BTW87] Per Bak, Chao Tang, and Kurt Wiesenfeld, pp.813-819, 1987.

]. K. Bur97 and . Burrell, Effects of e x b velocity shear and magnetic shear on turbulence and transport in magnetic confinement devices, Physics of Plasmas, vol.4, issue.5, pp.1499-1518, 1997.

C. D. Conway, C. Angioni, F. Ryter, P. Sauter, and J. Vicente, Confinement Transition, Physical Review Letters, vol.106, issue.6, pp.65001-65038, 2011.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.065001

. Chb-+-10-]-f, S. Clairet, C. Heuraux, D. Bottereau, L. Molina et al., Fast sweeping reflectometry upgrade on tore supra, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.81, issue.10, p.58, 2010.

G. Conway, . Schirmer, . Klenge, . Suttrop, . Holzhauer et al., Plasma rotation profile measurements using doppler reflectometry, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Nonlinear excitation of geodesic acoustic modes by drift waves, Physics of Plasmas, vol.46, issue.14 5, pp.44-79, 2004.

G. Conway, . Scott, M. Schirmer, and . Reich, Direct measurement of zonal flows and geodesic acoustic mode oscillations in ASDEX Upgrade using Doppler reflectometry, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.47, issue.8, pp.1165-1192, 2005.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/47/8/003

G. , C. , T. Asdex-upgrade, and . Team, Amplitude behaviour of geodesic acoustic modes in the asdex upgrade tokamak, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.50, issue.28, pp.85005-85044, 2008.

T. Chiueh, P. W. Terry, P. H. Diamond, and J. E. Sedlak, Effects of a radial electric field on tokamak edge turbulence, Physics of Fluids, vol.29, issue.1, pp.231-241, 0190.
DOI : 10.1063/1.865979

G. Conway, C. Tröster, K. Scott, and . Hallatschek, Frequency scaling and localization of geodesic acoustic modes in ASDEX Upgrade, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.50, issue.5, pp.55009-151, 2008.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/50/5/055009

L. J. Cheng, K. J. Yan, J. Q. Zhao, W. Y. Dong, J. Hong et al., Density fluctuation of geodesic acoustic mode on the hl-2a tokamak [CZ09] Ilija Chavdarovski and Fulvio Zonca, Effects of trapped particle dynamics on the structures of a low-frequency shear alfvén continuous spectrum Locating the zeros of an analytic function, Nuclear Fusion Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Journal of Computational Physics, vol.49, issue.66 1, pp.192-169, 1986.

A. M. Dimits, G. Bateman, M. A. Beer, B. I. Cohen, W. Dorland et al., Comparisons and physics basis of tokamak transport models and turbulence simulations Zonal flows in plasma, a review Theory of mean poloidal flow generation by turbulence The use of a masking signal to improve empirical mode decomposition Complete multi-field characterization of the geodesic acoustic mode in the tcv tokamak, Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 2005. Proceedings. (ICASSP '05). IEEE International Conference onDPDG + 10] G. Dif-Pradalier, P. H. Diamond, V. Grandgirard, Y. Sarazin, J. Abiteboul, X. Garbet, Ph. Ghendrih, A. Strugarek, S. Ku, and C. S. Chang, On the validity of the local diffusive paradigm in turbulent plasma transport, pp.969-983, 1991.

G. Dif-pradalier, P. H. Diamond, V. Grandgirard, Y. Sarazin, J. Abiteboul et al., Global structure of micro-instabilities in tokamak plasmas : Stiff transport or plasma eruptions ? Second harmonic effect on geodesic modes in tokamak plasmas Dynamics of tilted eddies in a transversal flow at the edge of tokamak plasmas and the consequences for l-h transition, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Electrostatic transport in l-mode scrape-off layer plasmas of tore supra tokamak. ii. transport by fluctuations, and the Tore Supra team, On plasma rotation with toroidal magnetic field ripple and no external momentum input Identification of zonal flows in a toroidal plasma Zonal flow shear amplification by depletion of anisotropic potential eddies in a magnetized plasma : idealized models and laboratory experiment Energetic-particle-induced geodesic acoustic mode, 165002. 28 [FMT + 13] Rilling, and P. Goncalves, Empirical mode decomposition as a filter bank Anomalous transport and multi-scale drift turbulence dynamics in tokamak ohmic discharge as measured by high resolution diagnostics and modeled by full-f gyrokinetic code, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, pp.39-72, 2004.

Z. Gao, Plasma shaping effects on the geodesic acoustic mode in the large orbit drift width limit, Physics of Plasmas, vol.17, issue.9, pp.92503-92537, 2010.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3481464

Z. Gao, Collisional damping of the geodesic acoustic mode, Physics of Plasmas, vol.20, issue.3, p.38, 2013.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4794339

X. Garbet, J. Abiteboul, E. Trier, O. Gurcan, Y. Sarazin et al., Entropy production rate in tokamaks with nonaxisymmetric magnetic fields, Magnetohydrodynamic simulations of edge poloidal flows, pp.18-52, 2010.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3454365

J. P. Gunn, C. Boucher, M. Dionne, I. Duran, V. Fuchs et al., Evidence for a poloidally localized enhancement of radial transport in the scrape-off layer of the tore supra tokamak Predictions and observations of low-shear beta-induced shear alfvén-acoustic eigenmodes in toroidal plasmas, Journal of Nuclear Materials Physics Letters A, vol.363, issue.14, pp.365-484, 2007.

P. Ghendrih, G. Ciraolo, G. Dif-pradalier, C. Norscini, Y. Sarazin et al., Fusion plasma turbulence described by modified sandpile dynamics Collective scattering of electromagnetic waves and cross-b plasma diffusion, Diagnostic systems on tore supra Ottaviani, R. Sabot, A. Sirinelli, and A. Smolyakov, Coherent modes in the acoustic frequency range in tokamaks, pp.172-54, 1985.

E. Gusakov, A. Gurchenko, A. Altukhov, V. Bulanin, L. Esipov et al., Investigation of small-scale tokamak plasma turbulence by correlative UHR backscattering diagnostics, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.48, issue.12B, pp.443-487, 2006.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/48/12B/S42

A. Gusakov, A. Gurchenko, Y. Altukhov, L. Stepanov, Y. Esipov et al., Investigation of ETG mode-scale component of tokamak plasma turbulence by correlative enhanced scattering diagnostics, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.48, issue.5A, pp.371-415, 2006.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/48/5A/S37

E. Gurchenko, A. Gusakov, E. Altukhov, L. Selyunin, Y. Esipov et al., Spatial structure of the geodesic acoustic mode in the FT-2 tokamak by upper hybrid resonance Doppler backscattering, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.55, issue.8, pp.85017-85044, 2013.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/55/8/085017

. D. Ggh-+-09-]-Ö, X. Gürcan, P. Garbet, P. H. Hennequin, A. Diamond et al., Wave-number spectrum of drift-wave turbulence, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.102, pp.255002-255022, 2009.

. D. Ghv-+-10-]-Ö, . Gürcan, . Hennequin, . Vermare, P. Garbet et al., Shell models and the possibility of application to fusion plasmas, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.52, issue.4, pp.45002-45022, 2010.

Z. Gao, K. Itoh, H. Sanuki, and J. Q. Dong, Eigenmode analysis of geodesic acoustic modes, Physics of Plasmas, vol.15, issue.7, pp.72511-72551, 2008.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2956993

P. Ghendrih, C. Norscini, T. Cartier-michaud, G. Dif-pradalier, J. Abiteboul et al., Yanick Sarazin, Alexandre Storelli, and Laure Vermare, Phase space structures in gyrokinetic simulations of fusion plasma turbulence, The European Physical Journal D, vol.14, issue.68 10, pp.303-152, 2014.

X. Garbet, J. Payan, C. Laviron, P. Devynck, S. K. Saha et al., Turbulence and energy confinement in TORE SUPRA Ohmic discharges, Nuclear Fusion, vol.32, issue.12, pp.32-2147, 1992.
DOI : 10.1088/0029-5515/32/12/I06

Y. Grandgirard, . Sarazin, . Angelino, . Bottino, . Crouseilles et al., gyrokinetic simulations of plasma turbulence, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.49, issue.12B, pp.173-152, 2007.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/49/12B/S16

X. Garbet, Y. Sarazin, F. Imbeaux, P. Ghendrih, C. Bourdelle et al., Front propagation and critical gradient transport models, Physics of Plasmas, vol.14, issue.12, pp.122305-172, 2007.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2824375

. N. Gvzb-+-09-]-n, M. A. Gorelenkov, H. L. Van-zeeland, N. A. Berk, D. Crocker et al., Beta-induced alfvén-acoustic eigenmodes in national spherical torus experiment and diii-d driven by beam ions, Physics of Plasmas, vol.16, issue.5, p.28, 2009.

[. Guo, S. Wang, and J. Li, Effect of impurity ions on the geodesic acoustic mode, Physics of Plasmas, vol.17, issue.11, pp.34-163, 2010.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3493631

Z. Gao, P. Wang, and H. Sanuki, Plasma shaping effects on the geodesic acoustic mode in toroidally axisymmetric plasmas, Physics of Plasmas, vol.15, issue.7, pp.74502-74536, 2008.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2955766

J. Girardo, D. Zarzoso, R. Dumont, X. Garbet, Y. Sarazin et al., Relation between energetic and standard geodesic acoustic modes, Physics of Plasmas, vol.21, issue.9, p.30, 2014.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4895479

[. Hallatschek, Nonlinear three-dimensional flows in magnetized plasmas, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.49, issue.12B, pp.137-170, 2007.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/49/12B/S13

D. [. Hallatschek and . Biskamp, Transport Control by Coherent Zonal Flows in the Core/Edge Transitional Regime, Physical Review Letters, vol.86, issue.7, pp.1223-1226, 2001.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.1223

. S. Hbl-+-99-]-t, M. A. Hahm, Z. Beer, G. W. Lin, W. W. Hammett et al., Shearing rate of time-dependent exb flow, Physics of Plasmas, vol.6, issue.3, pp.922-926, 1999.

A. Hasegawa and L. Chen, Plasma Heating by Alfv??n-Wave Phase Mixing, Physical Review Letters, vol.32, issue.9, pp.454-456, 1974.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.32.454

. Hornung, G. Clairet, . Falchetto, . Sabot, L. Arnichand et al., Turbulence correlation properties measured with ultrafast sweeping reflectometry on tore supra, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 55 (2013), no. 12, 125013 Spontaneous poloidal spin-up of tokamak plasmas : Reduced equations, physical mechanism, and sonic regimes, Physics of Fluids B : Plasma Physics Physics of Plasmas, vol.5, issue.78, pp.58-4022, 1989.

R. Hager and K. Hallatschek, Radial propagation of geodesic acoustic modes, Physics of Plasmas, vol.16, issue.7, p.40, 2009.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3155106

M. Hirsch, E. Holzhauer, J. Baldzuhn, and B. Kurzan, Doppler reflectometry for the investigation of propagating density perturbations, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.72, issue.1, pp.324-327, 2001.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1308998

P. Hennequin, C. Honoré, A. Quéméneur, A. Truc, F. Gervais et al., Analysis of density fluctuation frequency spectra in tore supra as a tool studying plasma motion and transport properties, 26th EPS Conf. on Contr. Fusion and Plasma Physics, pp.977-980, 1999.

A. Honoré, A. Truc, N. Quéméneur, J. Lemoine, R. Chareau et al., Doppler backscattering system for measuring fluctuations and their perpendicular velocity on tore supra, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.75, issue.10, pp.3881-3883, 2004.

P. Hennequin, C. Honoré, A. Truc, A. Quéméneur, C. Fenzi-bonizec et al., Hoang, and the Tore Supra team, Fluctuation spectra and velocity profile from doppler backscattering on tore supra Quasi-optical gaussian beam tracing to evaluate doppler backscattering conditions, S771. 19, pp.46-809, 2006.

A. Hasegawa and K. Mima, Pseudo-three-dimensional turbulence in magnetized nonuniform plasma, Physics of Fluids, vol.21, issue.1, pp.87-92, 1978.
DOI : 10.1063/1.862083

A. Hamada, T. Nishizawa, T. Ido, M. Watari, Y. Kojima et al., Zonal flows in the geodesic acoustic mode frequency range in the JIPP T-IIU tokamak plasmas, HP83] J. Heyvaerts and E. R. Priest, Coronal heating by phase-mixed shear alfven waves, pp.81-109, 1983.
DOI : 10.1088/0029-5515/45/2/002

H. C. Hillesheim, W. A. Peebles, T. A. Carter, L. Schmitz, and T. L. Rhodes, Experimental investigation of geodesic acoustic mode spatial structure, intermittency, and interaction with turbulence in the DIII-D tokamak, Physics of Plasmas, vol.19, issue.2, pp.40-173, 2012.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3678210

J. C. Hillesheim, W. A. Peebles, T. L. Rhodes, L. Schmitz, A. E. White et al., New plasma measurements with a multichannel millimeter-wave fluctuation diagnostic system in the DIII-D tokamak (invited), Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.81, issue.10, p.44, 2010.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3466900

[. Hinton and M. Rosenbluth, Dynamics of axisymmetric exb and poloidal flows in tokamaks, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 41, no. 3A, A653. 39 [HS98] P. Helander and D. J. Sigmar, Collisional transport in magnetized plasmas, Cambridge Monographs on Plasma Physics, p.77, 1998.

. Hennequin, C. Sabot, G. Honoré, . Hoang, . Garbet et al., on Tore Supra, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.46, issue.12B, pp.121-195, 2004.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/46/12B/011

E. Norden, Z. Huang, S. R. Shen, M. C. Long, H. H. Wu et al., The empirical mode decomposition and the hilbert spectrum for nonlinear and non-stationary time series analysis, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A : Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.454, issue.115, pp.903-995, 1971.

C. Holland, G. R. Tynan, R. J. Fonck, G. R. Mckee, J. Candy et al., Zonal-flow-driven nonlinear energy transfer in experiment and simulation, Physics of Plasmas, vol.14, issue.5, p.35, 2007.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2716409

P. Hennequin, L. Vermare, N. Fedorczak, J. Bernardo, Ö. D. Gürcan et al., The effect of sol flows on edge and core radial electric field and rotation in tore supra, 37th EPS Conference on Plasma Physics, pp.1-1040, 2010.

A. Hasegawa, M. Wakatani, F. L. Hinton, R. E. Waltz, and J. Candy, Plasma Edge Turbulence, Physical Review Letters, vol.50, issue.9, pp.682-686, 1983.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.50.682

C. Holland, A. E. White, G. R. Mckee, M. W. Shafer, J. Candy et al., Implementation and application of two synthetic diagnostics for validating simulations of core tokamak turbulence, Physics of Plasmas, vol.16, issue.5, p.153, 2009.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3085792

T. Hamada, . Watari, . Nishizawa, . Ido, Y. Kojima et al., Wavelet and Fourier analysis of zonal flows and density fluctuations in JIPP T-llU tokamak plasmas, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.48, issue.4, pp.177-213, 2006.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/48/4/S13

T. Hamada, A. Watari, O. Nishizawa, K. Yamagishi, K. Narihara et al., Detection of the kinetic geodesic acoustic mode (KGAM) near the centre region of JIPPT-IIU tokamak plasmas, Nuclear Fusion, vol.51, issue.3, pp.51-033005, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/0029-5515/51/3/033005

L. Ingesson, . Chen, M. Helander, . Itoh, S. Hallatschek et al., Comparison of basis functions in soft x-ray tomography and observation of poloidal asymmetries in impurity density, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.42, issue.2, pp.161-81, 2000.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/42/2/308

. Itoh, -. I. Sanae, P. H. Itoh, A. Diamond, M. Fujisawa et al., Geodesic Acoustic Eigenmodes, Yoshihiko Nagashima, and Atsushi Fukuyama, Geodesic acoustic eigenmodes, pp.37-037, 2006.
DOI : 10.1585/pfr.1.037

Y. Ido, . Miura, Y. Kamiya, . Hamada, . Hoshino et al., Geodesic???acoustic-mode in JFT-2M tokamak plasmas, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.48, issue.4, pp.41-69, 2006.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/48/4/S04

[. Kim and P. H. Diamond, Transition, Physical Review Letters, vol.90, issue.18, pp.185006-185029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.90.185006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00723369

M. Kocan, J. Gunn, J. Pascal, C. Bonhomme, . Fenzi et al., Edge ion-to-electron temperature ratio in the tore supra tokamak, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Kinetic theory and simulation of multispecies plasmas in tokamaks excited with electromagnetic waves in the ion-cyclotron range of frequencies, Physics of Fluids, vol.50, issue.83, pp.129-3629, 1985.

O. Ye, . Kazakov, . Pusztai, T. Fãoelã, and . Johnson, Poloidal asymmetries due to ion cyclotron resonance heating, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.54, issue.10, p.81, 2012.

]. S. Lbg-+-12, V. V. Leerink, A. D. Bulanin, E. Z. Gurchenko, J. A. Gusakov et al., Multiscale investigations of drift-wave turbulence and plasma flows : Measurements and total-distribution-function gyrokinetic simulations, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.109, issue.163, pp.165001-188, 2012.

]. Z. Lhl-+-98, T. S. Lin, W. W. Hahm, W. M. Lee, R. B. Tang et al., Turbulent transport reduction by zonal flows : Massively parallel simulations, Science, vol.281, issue.26, pp.1835-1837, 1998.

[. Liu, Z. Lin, J. Q. Dong, and K. J. Zhao, Gyrokinetic simulation of turbulence driven geodesic acoustic modes in edge plasmas of HL-2A tokamak, Physics of Plasmas, vol.17, issue.11, p.135, 2010.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3496981

T. Lan, A. D. Liu, C. X. Yu, L. W. Yan, W. Y. Hong et al., Spectral features of the geodesic acoustic mode and its interaction with turbulence in a tokamak plasmaa, Physics of Plasmas, vol.15, issue.5, p.40, 2008.

A. D. Liu, T. Lan, C. X. Yu, H. L. Zhao, L. W. Yan et al., Characterizations of Low-Frequency Zonal Flow in the Edge Plasma of the HL-2A Tokamak, Physical Review Letters, vol.103, issue.9, pp.95002-95042, 2009.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.095002

B. Labombard, J. E. Rice, A. E. Hubbard, J. W. Hughes, M. Greenwald et al., Wukitch, and the Alcator Group, Transport-driven scrape-off-layer flows and the boundary conditions imposed at the magnetic separatrix in a tokamak plasma, Nuclear Fusion, issue.10, pp.44-125, 1047.

B. Labombard, J. E. Rice, A. E. Hubbard, J. W. Hughes, M. Greenwald et al., Transport-driven scrape-off layer flows and the x-point dependence of the L-H power threshold in Alcator C-Mod, Physics of Plasmas, vol.12, issue.5, pp.56111-125, 2005.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1876294

. B. Lyd-+-96-]-v, P. N. Lebedev, P. H. Yushmanov, S. V. Diamond, A. I. Novakovskii et al., Plateau regime dynamics of the relaxation of poloidal rotation in tokamak plasmas, Mar06] V. S. Marchenko, Excitation of the geodesic acoustic mode during ion cyclotron resonance heating, pp.3023-3031, 1996.

P. [. Miki and . Diamond, Role of the geodesic acoustic mode shearing feedback loop in transport bifurcations and turbulence spreading, Physics of Plasmas, vol.17, issue.3, p.173, 2010.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3353037

. R. Mfj-+-03-]-g, R. J. Mckee, M. Fonck, K. H. Jakubowski, K. Burrell et al., Experimental characterization of coherent, radially-sheared zonal flows in the diii-d tokamak, Physics of Plasmas, vol.10, issue.28, pp.1712-1719, 2003.

G. Mckee, D. Gupta, R. J. Fonck, D. J. Schlossberg, and M. Shafer, Structure and scaling properties of the geodesic acoustic mode, McClements and M. J. Hole, On steady poloidal and toroidal flows in tokamak plasmas, pp.39-80, 2006.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/48/4/S09

[. Miyato, Y. Kishimoto, J. Miyato, Y. Kishimoto, and J. Li, Global structure of zonal flow and electromagnetic ion temperature gradient driven turbulence in tokamak plasmas, Nonlocal behaviour of zonal flows in tokamak plasmas, pp.5557-5564, 2004.
DOI : 10.1063/1.1811088

[. Miki, Y. Kishimoto, J. Li, and N. Miyato, Dynamics of turbulent transport dominated by the geodesic acoustic mode near the critical gradient regime Intermittent transport associated with the geodesic acoustic mode near the critical gradient regime, Physics of Plasmas Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.15, issue.40, pp.190-99, 2007.

[. Miki, Y. Kishimoto, J. Miyato, and . Li, A model of GAM intermittency near critical gradient in toroidal plasmas, Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol.123, issue.1, p.12028, 0190.
DOI : 10.1088/1742-6596/123/1/012028

[. Marr, P. J. Lipschultz, R. Catto, M. Mcdermott, A. Reinke et al., Comparison of neoclassical predictions with measured flows and evaluation of a poloidal impurity density asymmetry, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.52, issue.5, pp.55010-81, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/52/5/055010

. Mollén, M. Pusztai, . Reinke, O. Ye, N. Kazakov et al., Impurity transport in Alcator C-Mod in the presence of poloidal density variation induced by ion cyclotron resonance heating, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.56, issue.12, pp.124005-81, 2014.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/56/12/124005

A. Melnikov, V. Vershkov, L. Eliseev, S. Grashin, A. Gudozhnik et al., Investigation of geodesic acoustic mode oscillations in the T-10 tokamak, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.48, issue.4, pp.87-115, 2006.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/48/4/S07

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00003312

M. A. Mckee, W. M. Makowski, M. Solomon, E. J. Shafer, M. A. Strait et al., Intense geodesic acousticlike modes driven by suprathermal ions in a tokamak plasma, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.101, issue.30, pp.185001-185037, 2008.

C. Nguyen, X. Garbet, and A. I. Smolyakov, Variational derivation of the dispersion relation of kinetic coherent modes in the acoustic frequency range in tokamaks, Physics of Plasmas, vol.15, issue.11, pp.28-40, 2008.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3008048

K. Nagashima, A. Hoshino, K. Ejiri, Y. Shinohara, K. Takase et al., Observation of nonlinear coupling between small-poloidal wave-number potential fluctuations and turbulent potential fluctuations in ohmically heated plasmas in the jft-2m tokamak The radial electric field dynamics in the neoclassical plasmas Observation of avalanchelike phenomena in a magnetically confined plasma, QCZ09] Zhiyong Qiu, Liu Chen, and Fulvio Zonca, Collisionless damping of short wavelength geodesic acoustic modesQCZ13] Z. Qiu, L. Chen, and F. Zonca, Spontaneous excitation of geodesic acoustic mode by toroidal alfvén eigenmodes, pp.35-97, 1997.

[. Qiu, F. Zonca, and L. Chen, Kinetic theories of geodesic acoustic modes in toroidal plasmas, IFTS Nonlocal theory of energetic-particle-induced geodesic acoustic mode, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.177, issue.52 9, pp.179-095003, 2010.

H. Ren and J. Cao, Geodesic acoustic mode in anisotropic plasmas using double adiabatic model and gyro-kinetic equation, Physics of Plasmas, vol.21, issue.12, p.34, 2014.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4903911

W. [. Rogers, M. Dorland, and . Kotschenreuther, Generation and Stability of Zonal Flows in Ion-Temperature-Gradient Mode Turbulence, Physical Review Letters, vol.85, issue.25, pp.5336-5339, 2000.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.85.5336

H. Ren, Perturbation analysis of electromagnetic geodesic acoustic modes, Physics of Plasmas, vol.21, issue.6, p.30, 2014.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4883643

P. [. Rilling, . Flandrinrfg03-]-g, P. Rilling, P. Flandrin, G. Gonçalves et al., Sampling effects on the empirical mode decomposition Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis 01 On empirical mode decomposition and its algorithms, Nonlinear Signal and Image Processing NSIP-03 Bivariate empirical mode decomposition, Signal Processing Letters, pp.43-59, 2003.

F. [. Rosenbluth and . Hinton, Poloidal Flow Driven by Ion-Temperature-Gradient Turbulence in Tokamaks, Physical Review Letters, vol.80, issue.4, pp.724-727, 1998.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.724

. L. Rhr-+-13-]-m, I. H. Reinke, J. E. Hutchinson, M. Rice, N. T. Greenwald et al., Parallel transport studies of high-z impurities in the core of alcator c-mod plasmas, Physics of Plasmas, vol.20, issue.5, pp.56109-76, 2013.

M. Romanelli, M. Ottavianirob08, ]. R. Rato, M. D. Ortigueira, and A. G. Batista, Effects of density asymmetries on heavy impurity transport in a rotating tokamak plasma On the hht, its problems, and some solutions Special Issue : Mechatronics, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, vol.40, issue.22 6, pp.78-1374, 1767.

. P. Ch, E. J. Ritz, R. D. Powers, and . Bengtson, Experimental measurement of three-wave coupling and energy cascading, Physics of Fluids B : Plasma Physics, vol.1, issue.1, pp.153-163, 1989.

. L. Rrh-+-13-]-m, J. E. Reinke, I. H. Rice, M. Hutchinson, N. T. Greenwald et al., Non-neoclassical up/down asymmetry of impurity emission on alcator c-mod, Rut70] P. H. Rutherford, Collisional diffusion in an axisymmetric torus, pp.82-482, 1970.

]. R. Sch86 and . Schmidt, Multiple emitter location and signal parameter estimation, Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on, vol.34, issue.3, pp.276-280, 1986.

D. Bruce and . Scott, Energetics of the interaction between electromagnetic exb turbulence and zonal flows, Characterization of the poloidal asymmetries in the isttok edge plasma, pp.34-085021, 2005.

Y. Sarazin, V. Grandgirard, J. Abiteboul, S. Allfrey, X. Garbet et al., Large scale dynamics in flux driven gyrokinetic turbulence, Nuclear Fusion, vol.50, issue.5, pp.54004-152, 2010.
DOI : 10.1088/0029-5515/50/5/054004

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00756091

Y. Sarazin, X. Garbet, . Ph, S. Ghendrih, and . Benkadda, Transport due to front propagation in tokamaks, Physics of Plasmas, vol.7, issue.4, pp.1085-1088, 2000.
DOI : 10.1063/1.873947

M. Sasaki, K. Itoh, A. Ejiri, Y. Takasesin, and ]. R. , Modification of Symmetry of Poloidal Eigenmode of Geodesic Acoustic Modes, Plasma and Fusion Research, vol.3, issue.158 9, pp.9-009, 2006.
DOI : 10.1585/pfr.3.009

A. [. Sgalla, A. G. Smolyakov, M. F. Elfimov, and . Bashir, Drift effects on geodesic acoustic modes, Physics Letters A, vol.377, issue.3-4, pp.3-4, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.physleta.2012.11.025

T. [. Sugama and . Watanabe, Collisionless damping of geodesic acoustic modes, Journal of Plasma Physics, vol.72, issue.06, pp.825-828, 2006.
DOI : 10.1017/S0022377806004958

L. Schmitz, G. Wang, J. C. Hillesheim, T. L. Rhodes, W. A. Peebles et al., Detection of zonal flow spectra in DIII-D by a dual-channel Doppler backscattering system, Review of Scientific Instruments, vol.79, issue.10, p.27, 2008.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2953675

M. Taguchitay21 and ]. G. Taylor, Diffusion by continuous movements Flandrin, A complete ensemble empirical mode decomposition with adaptive noise, Speech and Signal Proc. ICASSP-11, pp.3486-3491, 1921.

É. Trier, L. Eriksson, P. Hennequin, C. Fenzi, C. Bourdelle et al., Radial electric field measurement in a tokamak with magnetic field ripple, Nuclear Fusion, vol.48, issue.9, pp.48-66, 2008.
DOI : 10.1088/0029-5515/48/9/092001

[. Vermare, . Clairet, G. Heuraux, and . Leclert, Rational surface localization and MHD activity measurements using fast sweep reflectometry on Tore Supra, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.47, issue.11, p.183, 1895.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/47/11/003

. Vgh-+-11-]-l, Ö. D. Vermare, P. Gürcan, C. Hennequin, X. Honoré et al., Wavenumber spectrum of microturbulence in tokamak plasmas Propagation and plasmas : new challenges, new applications, Comptes Rendus Physique, vol.12, issue.20, pp.115-122, 2011.

L. Vermare, S. Heuraux, F. Clairet, G. Leclert, and F. Da-silva, Density fluctuation measurements using X-mode fast sweep reflectometry on Tore Supra, Nuclear Fusion, vol.46, issue.9, pp.743-58, 2006.
DOI : 10.1088/0029-5515/46/9/S10

L. Vermare, P. Hennequin, Ö. D. Gürcan, C. Bourdelle, F. Clairet et al., Impact of collisionality on fluctuation characteristics of micro-turbulence, Physics of Plasmas, vol.18, issue.1, pp.12306-12328, 2011.
DOI : 10.1063/1.3536648

L. Vermare, P. Hennequin, and Ö. D. , Gürcan, and the Tore Supra Team, Detection of geodesic acoustic mode oscillations, using multiple signal classification analysis of doppler backscattering signal on tore supra Geodesic acoustic mode induced by toroidal rotation in tokamaks, 115003. 34, 168 [Wah09] C Wahlberg, Low-frequency magnetohydrodynamics and geodesic acoustic modes in toroidally rotating tokamak plasmas, pp.188-085006, 2008.

F. Wagner, G. Becker, K. Behringer, D. Campbell, A. Eberhagen et al., Regime of improved confinement and high beta in neutral-beam, Venus, O. Vollmer, and Z. Yü Phys. Rev. Lett, pp.49-1408, 1982.

Z. Wu and N. E. Huang, ENSEMBLE EMPIRICAL MODE DECOMPOSITION: A NOISE-ASSISTED DATA ANALYSIS METHOD, Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis, vol.01, issue.01, pp.1-41, 2009.
DOI : 10.1142/S1793536909000047

. Whf-+-05-]-t, Y. Watari, A. Hamada, K. Fujisawa, K. Toi et al., Extension of geodesic acoustic mode theory to helical systems, Physics of Plasmas, vol.12, issue.32, p.162, 2005.

T. Watari, Y. Hamada, A. Nishizawa, and J. Todoroki, Unified linear response function for zonal flows with full finite orbit effects, Geodesic acoustic waves in hydromagnetic systems, pp.169-2448, 1968.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2805441

G. Wang, W. A. Peebles, T. L. Rhodes, M. E. Austin, Z. Yan et al., Multi-field characteristics and eigenmode spatial structure of geodesic acoustic modes in DIII-D L-mode plasmas, Physics of Plasmas, vol.20, issue.9, p.30, 2013.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4819501

I. Xu, . Shesterikov, . Van-schoor, R. Vergote, . Weynants et al., Observation of geodesic acoustic modes (GAMs) and their radial propagation at the edge of the TEXTOR tokamak, search of zonal flows using cross-bispectrum analysis in the boundary plasma of the hefei tokamak-7, pp.95015-177, 2002.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/53/9/095015

G. S. Xu, B. N. Wan, M. Song, and J. Li, Direct measurement of poloidal long-wavelength exb flows in the ht-7 tokamak, Phys. Rev. Lett, pp.91-125001, 2003.

Z. Xu, Z. Xiong, W. M. Gao, G. R. Nevins, and . Mckee, Tempest Simulations of Collisionless Damping of the Geodesic-Acoustic Mode in Edge-Plasma Pedestals, Physical Review Letters, vol.100, issue.21, pp.215001-215040, 2008.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.215001

L. W. Yan, J. Cheng, W. Y. Hong, K. J. Zhao, T. Lan et al., Pan, Three-dimensional features of gam zonal flows in the hl-2a tokamak, Nuclear Fusion, issue.12, pp.47-1673, 2007.

L. Ye, W. Guo, X. Xiao, and S. Wang, Numerical simulation of geodesic acoustic modes in a multi-ion system, Physics of Plasmas, vol.20, issue.7, p.163, 2013.
DOI : 10.1063/1.4812593

. Yan, G. Nielsen, . Xu, J. J. Naulin, . Rasmussen et al., Statistical characterization of turbulence in the boundary plasma of EAST, Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.55, issue.11, p.28, 2013.
DOI : 10.1088/0741-3335/55/11/115007

D. Zarzoso, A. Biancalani, A. Bottino, . Ph, E. Lauber et al., Analytic dispersion relation of energetic particle driven geodesic acoustic modes and simulations with NEMORB, Three-dimensional fluid simulations of tokamak edge turbulence, pp.34-2951, 1996.
DOI : 10.1088/0029-5515/54/10/103006

F. Zonca, L. Chen, L. Zonca, . Chen, A. Robert et al., Radial structures and nonlinear excitation of geodesic acoustic modes Kinetic theory of low-frequency alfvén modes in tokamaks, EPL Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, vol.83, issue.28, pp.177-210, 1996.

]. D. Zgs-+-12, X. Zarzoso, Y. Garbet, R. Sarazin, V. Dumont et al., Fully kinetic description of the linear excitation and nonlinear saturation of fast-ion-driven geodesic acoustic mode instability, Physics of Plasmas, vol.19, issue.32, pp.30-162, 2012.

D. Zhou, Electromagnetic geodesic acoustic modes in tokamak plasmas, Physics of Plasmas, vol.14, issue.10, p.30, 2007.
DOI : 10.1063/1.2793740

D. Zhou, Zonal flow modes in a tokamak plasma with dominantly poloidal mean flows Trapped electron damping of geodesic acoustic mode, Physics of Plasmas Physics of Plasmas, vol.17, issue.17 7, pp.168-072502, 2010.

. J. Zld-+-06-]-k, T. Zhao, J. Q. Lan, L. W. Dong, W. Y. Yan et al., Toroidal symmetry of the geodesic acoustic mode zonal flow in a tokamak plasma, Phys. Rev. Lett, vol.28, issue.35, pp.96-255004, 2006.

D. Zarzoso, Y. Sarazin, X. Garbet, R. Dumont, A. Strugarek et al., Impact of Energetic-Particle-Driven Geodesic Acoustic Modes on Turbulence, Physical Review Letters, vol.110, issue.12, pp.125002-125038, 2013.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.125002

. L. Zsp-+-99-]-x, T. F. Zou, M. Seak, J. M. Paume, C. Chareau et al., Poloidal rotation measurement in tore supra by reflectometry, 26th EPS Conf. on Contr. Fusion and Plasma Physics, pp.1041-1044, 1999.