Analyse de stabilité linéaire globale d'écoulements compressibles : application aux interactions onde de choc / couche limite.

Abstract : The general purpose of this study is to provide a better understanding of the dynamics of an interaction between a shock wave and a laminar or turbulent boundary layer. In particular, we were interested in mechanisms responsible for the emergence of low-frequency self-sustained oscillations. This phenomenon arises in numerous industrial cases as in air inlets of supersonic aircrafts, around a profile of wing in transonic regime and within over-extended nozzle. The first part of this report handles various studies carried out to determine the phenomenology of this kind of dynamics. Secondly, we explain the strategy adopted to make our study which consists in developing a tool of study of the instabilities adapted to turbulent flows including an interaction between a shock wave and a boundary layer. The development of a linearized CFD tool coupled with a method of resolution of a eigenvalue problem by a free-matrix approach ( " time-stepping " approach), allowed the realization of such a study. After a stage of validation of our tool, we studied cases of flows including an interaction between a shock wave and a boundary layer. Three cases in particular were handled. The first case corresponds to an interaction enter an oblique shock wave impacting on a laminar boundary layer developing on a flat plate. This case is generally qualified in the literature of case as " reflected shock wave". We show that such a flow is globally stable and that the dynamics of such a flow behaves as a selective noise amplifier, the dynamic is mainly driven by receptivity mechanisms and by the response of upstream white nose disturbance. Two other cases have been studied on this work, the case of a transonic flow around a profile wing of NACA0012 type around the onset of buffet phenomenon and the case of transonic nozzle of Sajben type on over-extended regime. In the first case, the global stability analysis allows us to highlight the buffet phenomenon of on the profile NACA0012, what shows that the phenomenon is linked to a linear global instability. In the second case, the analysis of stability does not allow to explain the self-sustained low frequencies phenomenon, and shows that the flow is linearly globally stable. In this case, the dynamics is convective, passing and piloted by receptivity mechanisms.
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Florian Guiho. Analyse de stabilité linéaire globale d'écoulements compressibles : application aux interactions onde de choc / couche limite.. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0003⟩. ⟨tel-01195722⟩

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