Prévision de la durée de vie à l’écaillage des barrières thermiques

Abstract : This study aims to model lifetime of thermal barrier coating (TBC) used on aircraft turbine blades. Experimental characterization of the coating adherence combines the lifetime identification – described by macroscopic spallation of the ceramic – with damage estimation trough the analysis of the influence of the microstructure of the coating and evolutions of interfaces ceramic / oxide / metal.Adherence of the ceramic is assessed using uniaxial mechanical compressive tests on AM1 specimen coated with NiAlPt bond coat and EB-PVD yttria stabilized zirconia varying the thermal and thermo-mechanical fatigue ageing conditions. Those tests are completed with analysis of interfacial crack propagation. A pioneering in situ compressive test using X-ray laminography has also been developed to analyze spallation and further delamination. The use of in-situ surface imaging by CCD cameras has enabled measurement of delaminated or spalled areas as function of measured local strain.The influence of thermal or thermo mechanical ageing on damage evolution of TBCs is studied through a microstructural analysis. Oxidation, diffusion and phase transformation mechanisms in the alumina and the bond coat are main parts of this analysis. Moreover the oxide rumpling and its consequences have been detailed, particularly through the measurement of global interfacial damage and adherence evolution. The link between interfacial damage at the scale of local defects (few microns) and the propagation of an interfacial crack (from tens to hundreds of microns) is numerically analyzed with a cohesive zone model.Those two spatial length of analysis were used to build a phenomenological lifetime model to spallation. This model was based on the assessment of the elastic strain energy stored in the ceramic layer and it comparison to fracture energy. A damage model is used to model the fracture strain energy evolution as a function of oxidation and thermo mechanical loading. This model is implemented in post processor of a FEM analysis, making its industrial use easier.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01217919, version 1

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Romain Soulignac. Prévision de la durée de vie à l’écaillage des barrières thermiques. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENMP0087⟩. ⟨tel-01217919⟩

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