Multi-view dimensionality reduction for multi-modal biometrics

Abstract : Biometric data is often represented by high-dimensional feature vectors which contain significant inter-session variation. Discriminative dimensionality reduction techniques generally follow a supervised learning scheme. However, labelled training data is generally limited in quantity and often does not reliably represent the inter-session variation encountered in test data. This thesis proposes to use multi-view dimensionality reduction (MVDR) which aims to extract discriminative features in multi-modal biometric systems, where different modalities are regarded as different views of the same data. MVDR projections are trained on feature-feature pairs where label information is not required. Since unlabelled data is easier to acquire in large quantities, and because of the natural co-existence of multiple views in multi-modal biometric problems, discriminant, low-dimensional subspaces can be learnt using the proposed MVDR approaches in a largely unsupervised manner. According to different functionalities of biometric systems, namely, clustering, and retrieval, we propose three MVDR frameworks which meet the requirements for each functionality. The proposed approaches, however, share the same spirit: all methods aim to learn a projection for each view such that a certain form of agreement is attained in the subspaces across different views. The proposed MVDR frameworks can thus be unified into one general framework for multi-view dimensionality reduction through subspace agreement. We regard this novel concept of subspace agreement to be the primary contribution of this thesis.
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Xuran Zhao. Multi-view dimensionality reduction for multi-modal biometrics. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition [cs.CV]. Télécom ParisTech, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013ENST0061⟩. ⟨tel-01236516⟩

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