Reconstruction de trajectoires de cibles mobiles en imagerie RSO aéroportée

Abstract : Circular SAR imagery brings a lot of information concerning the illuminated scenes and the moving targets. Objects may be seen from any angle, and the continuity of the illumination allows generating a lot of successive images from the same scene. In the scope of this thesis, we develop a moving target trajectory reconstruction methodology using circular SAR imagery, and we study the performances of this methodology. We have first measured the apparent coordinates of the moving targets on SAR images, and also the defocusing parameter of the targets. This enables us to obtain information concerning target movement, especially the velocity and the acceleration. We then used these measurements to develop a non-linear system that makes the link between the apparent trajectories of the moving targets and the real ones. We have shown, by a mathematical and numerical analysis of the robustness, that only a model of moving target with constant velocity enables us to obtain accurate trajectory reconstructions from a sufficient angular span. Then, we have studied the azimuth resolution influence on the reconstruction accuracy. In order to achieve this, we have theoretically estimated the measurement accuracy and the corresponding reconstruction accuracy. We have highlighted the existence of an optimal azimuth resolution, depending on the target radiometry and on the validity of the two target models. Finally, we have validated the method on two real data sets on X-Band acquired by SETHI and RAMSES NG, the ONERA radar systems, and confirmed the theoretical analyses of its performances.
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Jean-Baptiste Poisson. Reconstruction de trajectoires de cibles mobiles en imagerie RSO aéroportée. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Télécom ParisTech, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENST0084⟩. ⟨tel-01250380⟩

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