L'administration publique à l'épreuve de la gouvernance multi-acteurs : Le cas de la mise en oeuvre d'une nouvelle politique publique environnementale

Abstract : The development of participatory democracy, a wave of decentralization in all Europe...: over the last decades, the legitimization of a plurality of actors, besides the Central State, has been a cornerstone of public action. The increasing use of the notion of « Governance » to describe public action is one the main illustrations of this evolution, but the role of the Central State and its administration in this new context remains hardly known, at a time when public administration, its action and its organization, are precisely in a process of being re-­‐defined, empirically as much as theoretically. Our thesis ambitions to explore the following question: what does « administrating » involve in a context of governance? Drawing on the case of the emergence and implementation of a new activity in the French public administration (the Environmental Authority), we highlight the state of uncertainty and tension generated by the development of this new activity, which is rooted in the traditional administrative organization but needs to contribute to a new form of public action, conceived with a governance logic, in other words based on a multiplicity of actors with various influences and interactions in different configurations. We then analyze how a heterogeneous and variable public action is developed empirically through public officers’ daily work. It is argued that this is both a difficulty and a resource for public action. Drawing on the organizational routine dynamics framework, this heterogeneity and variability of public action is theorized. Then, based on the proposition of different management dispositif, we show that « administrating » in a context of governance can be conceived as the capacity to both develop and regulate heterogeneity and variability in administrative action.
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Elvira Periac. L'administration publique à l'épreuve de la gouvernance multi-acteurs : Le cas de la mise en oeuvre d'une nouvelle politique publique environnementale. Gestion et management. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENMP0089⟩. ⟨tel-01257589v2⟩

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