Essays on careers and health in Europe

Abstract : The main objective of this thesis is to analyse the health consequences of career shocks in Europe. It considers two actual career shocks over the lifecourse : leaving full-time education in a bad economy, and, at the other end of the age spectrum, retiring. In-between these two critical periods, it investigates how an anticipated career shock – i.e. anticipated job loss – damages health. Empirical analyses are conducted using large European and British surveys. We use institutional features and natural experiments to find neat instruments for causal identification : the existence of compulsory schooling laws, the cross-country variation in employment protection legislations, the cross-country variation in retirement systems and the 1973 oil crisis. The results emphasise the causal and health-damaging impact of career shocks, both in the short and in the long-term.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01264409, version 1

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Mathilde Godard. Essays on careers and health in Europe. Economics and Finance. Université Paris-Dauphine, 2015. English. ⟨tel-01264409⟩

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