Étalements de fluides à seuil

Abstract : Yield stress fluids are used in various industrial processes in which solid tools make them flow. To have a better understanding on how they spread on surfaces, we first studied the vertical coating on a thin plate and then the horizontal blade-coating. Both studies are based on macroscopic measures recording the force applied on the plate and on the microscopic determination on the velocity fields in the fluid by PIV. Numerical simulations based on cone programming, which validity had been confirmed in comparison to our experimental results, specified the flows at stake. In dip-coating, we observed than within our framework, the yield stress fluid deposit on the plate is millimetric and of constant thickness, except on the tips. According to the value of the viscous over plastic forces ratio, the coating is led by a "yield-gravity" or a "visco-gravity" balance. Then, we characterized the flow generated in the bath by the plate displacement in order to clarify the origin of the coating phenomenon. The numerical simulations specified the flow characteristics. The horizontal blade-coating in a channel involves the displacement of a weakly sheared cluster of fluid in relation to a part of fluid at rest, through a sheared layer. We showed that the growing dynamic of the cluster is described with a simple model which links it to the normal force to the plate
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Mathilde Maillard. Étalements de fluides à seuil. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC1111⟩. ⟨tel-01280363⟩

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