Conception et simulation du fonctionnement d’une unité de stockage/déstockage d’électricité renouvelable sur méthane de synthèse au moyen d’un co-électrolyseur à haute température réversible : Approches stationnaire et dynamique

Abstract : The objective of this thesis is to design, evaluate the energetic performance and study the transient behavior during heating and startup operations of a reversible process Power To Gas process which is a solution for the integration of renewable electricity in the energy mix. Steady state models are first established in Aspen plus. Assessment of energetic performance shows that 66.7% of the electrical energy is stored as a Synthetic Natural Gas and the losses are caused mainly by the converting steps: the AC/DC, co-electrolysis and methanation conversions. Electricity production (Gas to Power) is performed by reversing the RSOC in SOFC mode fueled by synthesis gas (CO and H2) produced in a tri-reformer. This process is energetically autonomous and produces untapped heat which causes its 40% low efficiency. A study of the transient response during heat-up and start-up operations is conducted through the development of dynamic models of reversible co- electrolyzer, reactors and heat exchangers by using Matlab and Dymola softwares. The results allow to specify the energetic penalty and to review the architecture of predefined process in steady state. Several strategies have been studied to optimize the time and the energy consumption. It turned out that the RSOC is the slowest component (60% of total time) with the most energetic consumption (71% of total energy) because of the amount of gas used in heat-up operation and the significant time that must be respected in order to ensure an increase in temperature that prevents the cells deterioration.
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Hanaâ Er-Rbib. Conception et simulation du fonctionnement d’une unité de stockage/déstockage d’électricité renouvelable sur méthane de synthèse au moyen d’un co-électrolyseur à haute température réversible : Approches stationnaire et dynamique. Energie électrique. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENMP0044⟩. ⟨tel-01299552v2⟩

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