Contributions à l'étude des déformations différées des matériaux composites viscoélastiques

Abstract : Prestress losses due to creep of concrete is a matter of interest for long term operations of containment buildings. In the present study, the time-dependent strains of concretes are estimated starting from morphological details of the microstructure. X-ray tomography provide a new way to spot such details and 3D numerical simulations are performed to estimate the time-dependent strains. Concrete is described as a composite material made of aggregates embedded in a cementitious matrix. On X-ray tomography images, aggregates can be separated from the cementitious matrix and entrained air. But extracting morphological parameters remains a difficult task. Nevertheless, building numerical matrix-inclusion microstructures and performing 3D numerical simulations proved a reliable way to estimate the influence of morphological features such as a the volume fraction of aggregates or the sieve curve on the time-dependent strains of concretes. Moreover, the semi-analytic homogenization scheme of Sanahuja dedicated to linear aging viscoelastic composite materials has been extended to the case of ellipsoidal inclusions to study the influence of the aspect ratio of the aggregates on the time-dependent strains of concretes.3D numerical estimates of the overall time-dependent behavior of concrete are similar to the ones produced by semi-analytical homogenization schemes. Hence, explaining the differences between the experimental measurements of the time-dependent strains of concretes performed by Granger remains challenging given the similarities between their mix designs. Lastly, 3D numerical simulations are performed on a sample of concrete to estimate the local stress in the cementitious matrix, the history of loading being representative of the one experienced in a containment building
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Francis Lavergne. Contributions à l'étude des déformations différées des matériaux composites viscoélastiques. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC1171⟩. ⟨tel-01300510⟩

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