Mesures de champs de déformations élastique et totale pour la détermination du comportement mécanique local de matériaux cristallins.

Abstract : The prediction of damage occurring in metallic materials is dependent on the knowledge of the mechanical behavior at a micron scale. Crystal plasticity laws are often used to describe the behavior of a single grain in polycrystals. Such laws include many parameters which should be tuned according to the metallurgical and mechanical state of the material.An original way to identify theses parameters is presented in this work. The local constitutive behavior is measured at the local scale. It is used to adjust the parameters’ value on a single point calculation without the need for a finite element mesh. To observe the local behavior two types of full filed measurements are carried out: (i) stress measurements using diffraction-based Laue microdiffraction and high angular resolution EBSD – HR-EBSD – and (ii) strain measurements by digital image correlation.To ensure trustworthy results, the accuracy of Laue microdiffraction (Laue-DIC) and HR-EBSD measurements are determined for the first time in a plastically deformed material. Then, stress and strain fields are monitored at the surface of a single crystal bent in-situ in the low deformation regime (0.5%). The local behavior is determined and used to identify two parameters of a crystal plasticity law, in a 316L stainless steel single crystal.
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Emeric Plancher. Mesures de champs de déformations élastique et totale pour la détermination du comportement mécanique local de matériaux cristallins.. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0056⟩. ⟨tel-01304771⟩

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