Analyse de vitesse par migration quantitative et introduction des ondes transmises

Abstract : Seismic imaging aims at retrieving the Earth's structures. It is classically split into two steps: firstly, the objective is to retrieve the background velocity model containing the large-scale structures of the velocity model. Secondly, one needs to determine the reflectivity part with the positions of the interfaces. The first part still remains a difficult challenge. Migration Velocity Analysis consists of migrating subsets of the total input data set (e.g. single shots). If all associated images are consistent, then the model used for imaging is said to be correct. This is a very useful method, in particular for the imaging of complex structures, as it does not a prioiri require any picking nor event identification. However, it is intrinsically restricted to reflected data: it does not take into account transmitted waves, multiple reflections, surface waves, ... The objective of the Ph.D work is to simultaneously consider reflected and transmitted (direct and diving) waves in the context of Migration Velocity Analysis. For that, one needs to reconsider the basis for velocity analysis. Recent developments around the « extended model » should be considered. If feasible, then it would not be anymore needed to extract reflected energy from a shot gather. More importantly, the combined inversion would better constrain the model: reflected waves are mainly associated to vertical propagation, whereas transmitted waves recorded at large offsets are more associated to horizontal propagation. This could offer the possibility to better estimate anisotropy parameters.
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Charles-Antoine Lameloise. Analyse de vitesse par migration quantitative et introduction des ondes transmises. Géophysique [physics.geo-ph]. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENMP0054⟩. ⟨tel-01306287⟩

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