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Les créations dérivées comme modalité de l'engagement des publics médiatiques : le cas des fanfictions sur internet

Abstract : This study deals with the reception of fictional works, when it materializes as “derivative works”, i.e. products made by active audiences, and seek the social factors explaining the shape took by these creations in a given context. If a lot of user generated contents now on the Internet –thanks to the digitalization of culture and the spread of ICT– shows that media products are more and more appropriated by amateurs, the specificity of these cultural practices and their continuity with older types of fictional involvements must be assessed: it will be exemplified through the case of fanfictions, also on a growing trend since the 2000s on the Web, that is texts, written by fans, which finish off, extend or correct original fictional works. Mixing cultural and media sociology with literary history, this dissertation suggests that fanfictions rest upon basic mechanisms linked to the reception and the circulation of fictional worlds, but always constrained by social, economic, media and legal factors. Based on the study of a thousand of fanfictions, observations from one of their main archives, and comparisons with literary successes which also generated derivatives texts, this research first discusses fanfictions’ past, extending it further than the 1960s when they were published in fanzines, but distinguishing it from the whole literature’s past. The inquiry then reveals how fanfictions are still the result of a collective production and organization, in which the broadcasting medium, the interactions between fans and with creative industries construct their format and content.
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Sébastien François. Les créations dérivées comme modalité de l'engagement des publics médiatiques : le cas des fanfictions sur internet. Sociologie. Télécom ParisTech, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENST0059⟩. ⟨tel-01308687⟩



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