Self adaptive turbulence models for unsteady compressible flows Modèles de turbulence auto-adaptatifs pour la simulation des écoulements compressibles instationnaires

Abstract : This thesis is mainly dedicated to the simulation of massively separated flows in the space domain. We restricted our study to afterbody flows, where the separation is imposed by abrupt geometry changes. In the space domain, highly compressible flows require the use of robust numerical schemes. On the other hand, the simulation of turbulence imposes high-order low dissipative numerical schemes. These two specifications, apparently contradictory, must coexist within the same simulation. The coupling between turbulence models and discretization schemes is of the utmost importance and must be considered. Numerical schemes should keep their formal accuracy on complex geometries and on very irregular meshes imposed by the industrial context. In this research, we analyze the discretization scheme implemented in the FLUSEPA solver, developed by Airbus Defence & Space. Such a scheme is robust and accurate for flows with shocks and exhibits a low sensitivity to the grid (the third order of accuracy being ensured, even on highly irregular grids). Unfortunately, the scheme possesses a too low resolvability related to a too high numerical dissipation for RANS/LES simulations. To circumvent this problem, we considered a conditional and local re-centering strategy: in regions dominated by vortical structures, an analytic function provides local re-centering when a numerical stability condition is satisfied. This stability condition ensures the coupling between the numerical scheme and the model. In this way, only the turbulent and the laminar viscosities play a role in regions dominated by vorticity, and also allow to stabilize the numerical scheme. This study provides also a qualitative and quantitative assessment of several hybrid RANS/LES models, using the same grids and discretization scheme. For this purpose some recent improvements (improving their ability to trigger the Kelvin-Helmohlotz instabilities without delay), proposed in the litterature or suggested in this work, are taken into account. Numerical applications include geometrical configurations ranging from a backward facing step to realistic launcher configurations.
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Grégoire Pont. Self adaptive turbulence models for unsteady compressible flows Modèles de turbulence auto-adaptatifs pour la simulation des écoulements compressibles instationnaires. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0008⟩. ⟨tel-01310365⟩

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