Formation par traitement de surface par laser d’une couche de chromine sur un alliage base nickel pour limiter le relâchement des cations en circuit primaire.

Abstract : Alloy 690 (60%Ni, 30%Cr, 10%Fe) is mainly used in primary circuit pipes fornuclear power plants.The aim of this thesis is to form a Cr2O3 layer, using laser surface melting, with the objective ofcreating a chromium-rich oxide layer. In order to optimize the treatment, it was first important todetermine parameters influence on the layer oxide properties then, with the objective of adeeper understanding of mechanisms involved, to address thermo-physical phenomenaoccurring during and after the laser pulse striking the upper surface.A deep parametric study first enabled to find an optimized laser surface treatment whichproduces chromium enrichment of the upper surface and a dense and continuous oxide layer.This treatment has been applied on samples, set in a primary medium simulation loop.Experiments and calculations were carried out to provide understanding of surface chromiumenrichment by laser process. The results were shown to explain chromium enrichment until meltpool solidification occurred on the upper surface, assumingly just before chromium oxideformation. This was also promoted by a high affinity with oxygen and a higher stability of Cr2O3oxide compared with other potential oxide formation.
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Lucille Gouton. Formation par traitement de surface par laser d’une couche de chromine sur un alliage base nickel pour limiter le relâchement des cations en circuit primaire.. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0034⟩. ⟨tel-01310981⟩

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