Caractérisation tribodynamique de la bruyance denture pour la gestion du confort acoustique des conditions d’engrènement en fabrication

Abstract : Upcoming fuel economy standards result in the rapid development of electric and hybrid vehicles. Such regulatory demands will affect the transmission design, which drives changes in the type, size and quality levels of gears. Thus, gear manufacturers need to create high quality gear flanks with special topological modifications. The main objectives are to increase the load-carrying capacity of gears, and also to reduce the gear noise behavior. The teeth surface is indeed at the heart of the gear meshing mechanics and one of the elements generating excitations. The most common wear mechanisms in gear are micro-pitting, pitting and spalling, which occur on the teeth surface at the early stage of failure. While the effect of the macro-geometric defects of the gear teeth surface on the acoustics response of spur gear pair has been studied quite thoroughly, the micro and meso scales and their influence are not entirely understood. Moreover, the choice and optimization of the tooth flank finishing process (grinding, powerhoning…) to manage the acoustic comfort of the meshing conditions is still a major issue in gear manufacturing. This study addresses a multiscale manufacturing approach, both experimental and numerical, in order to identify the scale effect of micro/meso defects on gear vibrations. A low-powered instrumented vibratory test bench has been developed and validated by comparing the measurements with the ones done at the industrial scale on a gear box test rig from Renault. The experimental work investigated the relationship between the surface finish of tooth flanks, which was characterized using a multiscale decomposition based on continuous wavelet transform, and the modes of the generated vibrations as a function of roughness and waviness scales. The friction noise measurements on tooth flanks have besides permitted to understand the link between the contact kinematics (speed), the surface scales (space between the asperities) and the vibration frequencies. A 3D finite-element simulation model of a rough contact was hence developed. The results coupled with the statistical analysis of the contributions of the surface and contact parameters have shown the large effect of the micro-scales. A 3D finite-element gear simulation using real measured topographies and transmission error calculation has also been performed and experimentally validated. The prevalence of the gear quality and its topological features on power density and sound issues are hence computed and discussed.
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Simon Jolivet. Caractérisation tribodynamique de la bruyance denture pour la gestion du confort acoustique des conditions d’engrènement en fabrication. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0041⟩. ⟨tel-01314139⟩

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