Synthèse et caractérisation multi-échelle de nanoparticules pour des revêtements du secteur automobile

Abstract : This work contributed to the development of a multi-scale numerical tool able to reproduce the visual appearance of coatings for motor vehicle bodywork from the physico-chemical characteristics and dielectric properties of various base constituents; the goal is the prediction and complete control of the visual appearance of materials. In this study, hematite nanoparticles (the α-Fe2O3 variety), nickel oxides and hydroxides of different shapes and sizes were synthesised using a hydrothermal process. The characteristics of these particles in terms of morphology, size and structure have been particularly emphasised since they are likely to affect the overall dielectric properties of the coating, and therefore the color obtained. The dielectric response of the particles was measured by electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). In a coating of automobile paint, pigments which interact with each other to form flocs alter the light scattering and therefore the perceived color. During a second phase, model paint coatings consisting of hematite particles dispersed in a polymer resin were developed. The volume self-organisation of nanoparticles in the coating has been described from 2D images recorded at different scales of observation. Based on our local measurements of the dielectric function at different scales of the nanoparticules and model paint that were synthetized in the present work, random models of heterogeneous materials were then established by a partner within the consortium to generate a "dielectric 3D microstructure" of these coatings. Based on these morphological models, effective dielectric properties of the coatings were predicted, and then satisfactorily compared with macroscopic measurements from ellipsometry.
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Mona Ben Achour. Synthèse et caractérisation multi-échelle de nanoparticules pour des revêtements du secteur automobile. Matériaux. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENMP0078⟩. ⟨tel-01321208⟩

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