Determination of the stress field in polycrystalline materials by Laue microdiffraction

Abstract : Laue microdiffraction is a powerful technique to characterize the intragranular elastic strain field at the scale of micrometer. Although a standard procedure extracting elastic strain and crystal orientation from Laue image has been well-established, it can suffer from two sources of uncertainties: the determination of peaks' positions and the sensitivity to calibration parameters. In light of the high accuracy of digital image correlation (DIC), we developed the so-called Laue-DIC method which used the peaks' displacements measured by DIC instead of peaks' positions to determine the elastic strain increment and rotation between two mechanical configurations. This method has been proved more efficient than the standard procedure in terms of stress profiles of bended beam. We also developed the enhanced version of Laue-DIC. By using the term “enhanced”, we mean that we attempt to obtain both lattice matrices and calibration parameters of two configurations rather than solely the elastic strain increment and rotation from peaks' displacements.Aside from the formulation of Laue-DIC, we also developed a procedure of statistically estimating the errors of elastic strain/stress resulted from DIC errors and calibration accuracy. We have first validated a classical noise model, Poissonian-Gaussian model, from diffraction images acquired at synchrotron radiation facility. With the noise model, we could statistically estimate the DIC errors by synthesizing artificial spots. The estimated DIC errors were further transmitted into the errors of Laue-DIC through statistical tests.
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Fengguo Zhang. Determination of the stress field in polycrystalline materials by Laue microdiffraction. Materials. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0020⟩. ⟨tel-01337609⟩

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