Modélisation et simulation du rotomoulage réactif du polyuréthane

Abstract : Reactive Rotational molding (RRM) is a process for manufacturing hollow plastic products with no weld lines, in virtually any shape, size, color and configuration, using biaxial rotation and high temperature. Understanding and modelling of physical phenomena provide a great contribution for process control that is the purpose of a more general program.Firstly, a characterization and the kinetic modeling of the thermoset polyurethane are performed in anisothermal conditions followed by rheological measurements in order to establish rheokinetik model and the the viscoelastic behavior of the reactive system according with RRM conditions.Afterwards, to simulate the RRM, Smoothed Particles Hydrodynamics (SPH) method is applied which is suited method to simulate the fluid flow with free surface such as occurs at RRM. This solver is developed by our team. Modelling and simulating reactive system flow depend on different parameters; the physical phenomena involved are: surface tension force and non-newtonian fluid behavior.The surface tension method has been successfully applied to simulate RRM using SPH solver taking into account free surface tension force. Surface tension force is given explicitly in the current model. After detecting the boundary particles, the interface is locally fitted by using Lagrangian interpolation polynomial or fitting circle in 2D and by using fitting sphere in 3D, respectively. To study the non-newtonian fluid flow during RRM, a power law describes the evolution of the viscosity versus shear rate was adopted to describe the viscoelastic nature of the reactive fluid during its shaping.The implementation of surface tension and viscoelasticity allows us to present the wettability of internal surface of the mold and the spreading of different polymers layers.Keywords : Reactive rotational molding, thermoset polyurethane, rheokinetik, Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics, surface tension, non-newtonian fluid, simulation.
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Abdelmoumen Hamidi. Modélisation et simulation du rotomoulage réactif du polyuréthane. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0016⟩. ⟨tel-01337611⟩

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