Conceptual design of shapes by reusing existing heterogeneous shape data through a multi-layered shape description model and for VR applications

Abstract : Due to the great advances in acquisition devices and modeling tools, a huge amount of digital data (e.g. images, videos, 3D models) is becoming now available in various application domains. In particular, virtual envi-ronments make use of those digital data allowing more attractive and more effectual communication and simula-tion of real or not (yet) existing environments and objects. Despite those innovations, the design of application-oriented virtual environment still results from a long and tedious iterative modeling and modification process that involves several actors (e.g. experts of the domain, 3D modelers and VR programmers, designers or communica-tions/marketing experts). Depending of the targeted application, the number and the profiles of the involved actors may change. Today's limitations and difficulties are mainly due to the fact there exists no strong relationships between the expert of the domain with creative ideas, the digitally skilled actors, the tools and the shape models taking part to the virtual environment development process. Actually, existing tools mainly focus on the detailed geometric definition of the shapes and are not suitable to effectively support creativity and innovation, which are considered as key elements for successful products and applications. In addition, the huge amount of available digital data is not fully exploited. Clearly, those data could be used as a source of inspiration for new solutions, being innovative ideas frequently coming from the (unforeseen) combination of existing elements. Therefore, the availability of software tools allowing the re-use and combination of such digital data would be an effective support for the conceptual design phase of both single shapes and VR environments. To answer those needs, this thesis proposes a new approach and system for the conceptual design of VRs and associated digital assets by taking existing shape resources, integrating and combining them together while keeping their semantic meanings. To support this, a Generic Shape Description Model (GSDM) is introduced. This model allows the combination of multimodal data (e.g. images and 3D meshes) according to three levels: conceptual, intermediate and data levels. The conceptual level expresses what the different parts of a shape are, and how they are combined together. Each part of a shape is defined by an Element that can either be a Component or a Group of Components when they share common characteristics (e.g. behavior, meaning). Elements are linked with Relations defined at the Concep-tual level where the experts in the domain are acting and exchanging. Each Component is then further described at the data level with its associated Geometry, Structure and potentially attached Semantics. In the proposed ap-proach, a Component is a part of an image or a part of a 3D mesh. Four types of Relation are proposed (merging, assembly, shaping and location) and decomposed in a set of Constraints which control the relative position, orien-tation and scaling of the Components within the 3D viewer. Constraints are stored at the intermediate level and are acting on Key Entities (such as points, a lines, etc.) laying on the Geometry or Structure of the Components. All these constraints are finally solved while minimizing an additional physically-based energy function. At the end, most of the concepts of GSDM have been implemented and integrated into a user-oriented conceptual design tool totally developed by the author. Different examples have been created using this tool demonstrating the potential of the approach proposed in this document.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 19, 2016 - 12:29:08 PM
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Zongcheng Li. Conceptual design of shapes by reusing existing heterogeneous shape data through a multi-layered shape description model and for VR applications. Mechanics [physics.med-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM; Università degli studi (Gênes, Italie), 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0025⟩. ⟨tel-01346606⟩

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