Descripteurs locaux pour l'imagerie radar et applications

Abstract : We study here the interest of local features for optical and SAR images. These features, because of their invariances and their dense representation, offer a real interest for the comparison of satellite images acquired under different conditions. While it is easy to apply them to optical images, they offer limited performances on SAR images, because of their multiplicative noise. We propose here an original feature for the comparison of SAR images. This algorithm, called SAR-SIFT, relies on the same structure as the SIFT algorithm (detection of keypoints and extraction of features) and offers better performances for SAR images. To adapt these steps to multiplicative noise, we have developed a differential operator, the Gradient by Ratio, allowing to compute a magnitude and an orientation of the gradient robust to this type of noise. This operator allows us to modify the steps of the SIFT algorithm. We present also two applications for remote sensing based on local features. First, we estimate a global transformation between two SAR images with help of SAR-SIFT. The estimation is realized with help of a RANSAC algorithm and by using the matched keypoints as tie points. Finally, we have led a prospective study on the use of local features for change detection in remote sensing. The proposed method consists in comparing the densities of matched keypoints to the densities of detected keypoints, in order to point out changed areas.
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Flora Dellinger. Descripteurs locaux pour l'imagerie radar et applications. Traitement des images [eess.IV]. Télécom ParisTech, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENST0037⟩. ⟨tel-01354286⟩

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