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Ab initio simulation of extended defects of &-Ti in presence of interstitial atoms H & O

Abstract : ABSTRACT: The aim of this thesis is to study the influence of hydrogen or oxygen solutes on extended defects in alpha titanium by ab initio calculation. Results are divided into three parts. In a first part the octahedral interstitial site of alpha-Ti is found energetically more favorable for a H or an O atom. The presence of H increases the volume while O has the opposite effect. The presence of H slightly decreases the elastic constants of alpha-Ti while O has an opposite effect. In a second part two new SFs are found: 0.57·(c+a) on π2 and 0.215·[1-102] on π1 plane. The second one is related to the low formation energy of the {10-11} twin boundary. A c+a screw dislocation 3-part dissociation mechanism is proposed. However the c+a screw core tends to spread differently according to the initial core position and a complete 3-part dissociation is not found, which may mean that such a dissociation is not easily obtainable from an initially perfect dislocation core. As segregation to SF means a decrease of the SF energy, the presence of O may make the SF formation energetically more difficult, contrary to H case. H strongly segregates to the a screw dislocation core region with segregation energies varing from 0.06 to 0.3 eV while O hardly segregates to it. Both H and O in core sites change the meta-stable gliding prismatic dissociation to π1 plane or a prism-π1 plane mixed configuration. According to our measurements of Peierls energy barriers with H or O in different sites and concentrations, H makes the gliding more difficult, thus increasing the CRSS in prismatic plane, in agreement with experimental measurements. The effect of H is not big enough to induce a cross-slip of the gliding a-screw dislocation to the π1 plane and that screw will prefer to keep on gliding in its same prismatic plane. The Peierls energy barrier is extremely increased when an O is present in the core position, much higher than the barrier for π1 plane glide or a glide in the nearest prismatic plane. A cross-slip could happen in this case. In the last part, three different deformations are applied to TBs. Their structural stabilities depend not only on their intrinsic characters at the atomistic level but also on the deformation mode applied. {10-12}, {11-22} TB structures fail for deformations as low as 1% or 2% along the c-axis. The {11-21} and the {10-11} TBs are much more resistant. The presence of segregated H and O enhances the {10-12} and {11-22} TB limited stability. A twinning disconnection dipole model is proposed which allows the simulation of a TD in a size limited supercell. Segregation energy calculations with the {10-12} TB and its TD validate the model at the TB level and show that H and O should distribute more or less homogeneously to the TD core and the TB, with only a slight preference to the TD core although not at the interstitial sites of the atomic layer related to the disconnection step itself.
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Liang Liang. Ab initio simulation of extended defects of &-Ti in presence of interstitial atoms H & O. Material chemistry. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLX009⟩. ⟨tel-01355132⟩

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