Numerical and experimental study of machining titanium-composite stacks

Abstract : In modern aerospace industry, the use of hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks has experienced an increasing trend because of their enhanced mechanical/physical properties and flexible structural functions. In spite of their widespread applications, machining hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks in one-shot time still consists of the main scientific and technological challenge in the multi-material fastening. Compared to the high cost of pure experimental investigations on the multi-material machining, this study aims to provide an improved CFRP/Ti cutting comprehension via both numerical and experimental methodologies. To this aim, an FE model by using the cohesive zone concept was established to construct the anisotropic machinability of the bi-material structure. The numerical work aims to provide preliminary inspections of the key cutting mechanisms dominating the hybrid CFRP/Ti stack machining. Afterward, some systematic experimental work including orthogonal cutting and hole drilling was carefully performed versus different input cutting conditions. A special focus was made on the study of the effects of different cutting-sequence strategies on CFRP/Ti cutting output and induced interface damage formation. The combined numerical-experimental studies provide the key findings aiming to (i) reveal the activated mechanisms controlling interface cutting and subsequent interface damage formation, (ii) clarify the influences of different cutting-sequence strategies on hybrid CFRP/Ti stack machining, (iii) outline the machinability classification of hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks, and (iv) analyze finally the parametric effects of the material/tool geometry on cutting CFRP/Ti stacks.
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Jinyang Xu. Numerical and experimental study of machining titanium-composite stacks. Mechanics of materials [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016ENAM0022⟩. ⟨tel-01365748⟩

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