Modélisation tribo-physique de la coupe des composites FRP : Approches numérique et expérimentale

Abstract : Since several decades, the material removal process of Fiber Reinforced Polymers (FRP) continues to raise technical and scientific queries. The understanding of the multiple and complex phenomena generated when cutting still remains challenging for controlling the behavior of composite structures. This study addresses a multiscale analysis of elementary phenomena associated to each of the composite constituents in order to model the chip formation mechanisms owing to the multiphysical coupling. An investigation combining the experimental approach resulting in the instrumented test and numerical approach allowing to the finite element (FE) development was hence conducted. A VUMAT subroutine was built to express the constitutive formulation coupling the continuum damage mechanics to the failure mechanics by means of the triptych elasticity-damage-failure. Unlike to the binary approaches proposed by the open literature, the model proposed herein bases on the progressive damage concept for predicting the physical failure allowing to the formation of the chip. The crack initiation and growth mechanisms are controlled by the failure energies determined experimentally for each material phase. The efficiency of the VFRIC subroutine to managing the contact properties, i.e. friction, at the tool-material interface was confirmed. The numerical results proved the reliability of the model to simulate the chip formation mechanisms with respect of fiber orientation. The good agreement between the measured and predicted forces proved the interest of the rigorous modeling of the tool-material interface.
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Aymen Ben Soussia. Modélisation tribo-physique de la coupe des composites FRP : Approches numérique et expérimentale. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENAM0019⟩. ⟨tel-01366753⟩

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