Non-commutative generalization of some probabilistic results from representation theory

Abstract : The subject of this thesis is the non-commutative generalization of some probabilistic results that occur in representation theory. The results of the thesis are divided into three different parts. In the first part of the thesis, we classify all unitary easy quantum groups whose intertwiner spaces are described by non-crossing partitions, and develop the Weingarten calculus on these quantum groups. As an application of the previous work, we recover the results of Diaconis and Shahshahani on the unitary group and extend those results to the free unitary group. In the second part of the thesis, we study the free wreath product. First, we study the free wreath product with the free symmetric group by giving a description of the intertwiner spaces: several probabilistic results are deduced from this description. Then, we relate the intertwiner spaces of a free wreath product with the free product of planar algebras, an object which has been defined by Bisch and Jones. This relation allows us to prove the conjecture of Banica and Bichon. In the last part of the thesis, we prove that the minimal and the Martin boundaries of a graph introduced by Gnedin and Olshanski are the same. In order to prove this, we give some precise estimates on the uniform standard filling of a large ribbon Young diagram. This yields several asymptotic results on the filling of large ribbon Young diagrams
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Pierre Tarrago. Non-commutative generalization of some probabilistic results from representation theory. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Paris-Est, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC1123⟩. ⟨tel-01372018⟩

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